Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value

FocusI am going to break one of my unspoken cardinal rules: Only write about real problems and measurement that is actually possible in the real world.

I am going to break the second part of the rule.

I am going to define a way for you to think about measuring social media, and you can't actually easily measure what I am going to recommend. [Update: Please see update #2 below, you can now easily measure what's recommended in this post.]

So why break the rule?

Social media is evolving at an incredible pace. Most of us have no idea how to participate optimally in this unique channel – we are doing TV on Twitter (breaks my heart). The impact on the data side of the ecosystem is that massive amounts of data is being generated and much of what goes for measurement in "social media tools" is profoundly sub optimal (I'm being polite). We have IT-minded people engaging in massive data puking (one report with 30 metrics anyone?) and Marketing-minded people who are using lousy measures of success ("I got 158,632 Fans! Hurray!").

I want to propose a framework you can use to measure success using metrics that matter for one simple reason: They actually measure if you are participating in the channel in an optimal fashion.

Isn't that revolutionary? Use data to incentivise our companies to do the right thing by measuring what matters, what makes this channel so unique.

No more embarrassing your brand on Twitter, Facebook, Google Plus, YouTube. And we build out a loyal cadre of followers / friends / subscribers to boot!

So what actually matters in Social Media?

Not the number of Friends / Followers / Subscribers. Not the number of posts / tweets. Not the ridiculous Followers to Following ratio. Not the… well there are so many horrible ones to choose from.

What matters is everything that happens after you post / tweet / participate!

Did you grab attention? Did you deliver delight? Did you cause people to want to share? Did you initiate a discussion? Did you cause people to take an action? Did your participation deliver economic value?

The "so what? " matters!

Oh, I totally forgot to say this…. the advice in this blog post is only for businesses and brands that participate in social media. Businesses as in Red Bull and T-Mobile and Johnson & Johnson. Brands (all of the aforementioned plus…) as in Mitch Joel and Stephen Colbert and Nancy Pelosi. If you don't fall into those two categories then this social media measurement framework might not apply to you.

I'm proposing four distinct social media metrics we should measure, (and this is so cool) independent of the social channel you participate in.

Excited? Let's go….

conversation rate social media metrics

1. Conversation Rate.

When I say most brands do TV on social media what I mean is that we do the same uninformed shouting and pimping on social media that we do on TV.

We know little about who is on the other end of the TV set and the medium places limits to what we can do. So to make our marketing more efficient we shout more loudly, more frequently!

We don't have to do that. We can get a very good sense for who is following / friending / subscribing to us. We can measure if what we are saying connects to them (in near real time!). And unlike all others, this channel has the word social in it! Social as in talk and listen and discuss.

So why not measure that?

Conversation Rate = # of Audience Comments (or Replies) Per Post

One beautiful thing… you can measure this on every social channel on the planet. Blog. Twitter. Facebook. Google Plus. YouTube.

What to do with it?

A high conversation rate requires a deeper understanding of who your audience is, what your brand attributes are, what you are good at, what value you can add to your followers and the ecosystem you participate in.

That is why I love this metric. It forces you to do the right thing right away. And it is a lot of work.

So aim for a higher Conversation Rate. Build your own watering hole in the digital universe. Have meaningful conversations with your audience. That's Marketing money just can't buy.

You can always be provocative, say silly things and get a high Conversation Rate. Pick Sarah Palin for your topic. :) But that would not be accretive for your brand equity, would it?

Remember we do not measure to manipulate the metrics, we measure to know if we are adding business value.

How to measure it?

Individually this is not that hard to measure. But across channels there does not seem to be an option.

This is where I need your help. Do you know of a tool that measures conversation Rate easily as defined above across the main social media channels? Please share via comments and I'll add it here. Thanks!

Up next, our second delightful metric…

amplification social media metric

2. Amplification Rate.

Every channel has inherent limitations, often exhibited by the number of ads you can buy. On Google (paid search), on Facebook (display ads), on Radio (audio ads), and all other channels you can think of.

But social media has a profound advantage you can tap into.

Not only do you have a network, but every node in your network has a network of its own! If you follow my advice and post something "incredible, relevant, of value" to your audience then they can allow you to break free of the limitations of your network and spread your word around to a more massive audience!

Take me as an example. I have, as of today, 57k followers on Twitter and around 12k on Google Plus. That's the limit. Even if every single person who follows me reads every single thing I write, I can at most reach 57k people on Twitter.

But the size of my second level network (the unique people who follow the people who follow me) is 6.3 mil. My real "reach" it turns out is not 57k, it is 6.3 mil!

So measure Amplification, the rate at which your followers take your content and share it through their network.

On Twitter:

Amplification = # of Retweets Per Tweet

On Facebook, Google Plus:

Amplification = # of Shares Per Post

On a blog, YouTube:

Amplification = # of Share Clicks Per Post (or Video)

(Share clicks as in number of times your social media buttons were used to spread the content.)

What to do with it?

As you post and tweet and you rock and you roll… measure what pieces of content (type) cause amplification (allow your social contributions to spread to your 2nd, or even 3rd, level network). Understand times and geo locations and topics and things.

Then do more of the type that increase amplification. You'll get more sharing and spreading of your content. But this is very, very important: You'll be giving your audience content they consider to be of such incredible value that they want to share it (and hence you'll know what your audience wants / loves).

Oh, oh, oh and…. over time your 2nd level network becomes your 1st level network… because they discover that you rock!

Marketing, relationships and a reach that money, honestly, can't buy.

How to measure it?

I don't quite know how to do it easily across all the channels. Individually you can, see image above, pull out Excel and make magic!

Do you know of a tool that precisely measures Amplification across all channels as defined above? Please let me know via comments, and I'll add it here.

Now on to a metric that had us at "hello"…

applause rate social media metric

3. Applause Rate.

I'm sure you've noticed my secret evil plan to force you to understand your audience (and not just pimp your agenda in Social Media).

One powerful, more immediate way, to understand them is to measure Applause.

One Twitter:

Applause Rate = # of Favorite Clicks Per Post

On Facebook:

Applause Rate = # of Likes Per Post

On Google Plus:

Applause Rate = # of +1s Per Post

On a Blog, YouTube:

Applause Rate = # of +1s and Likes Per Post (or video)

What to do with it?

Simple… you want to know what the audience likes (to use the Facebook terminology) and what they don't. You get a much deeper understanding of what your audience likes so much that it will +1 your content (or contribution) and allow for that to be then shown to others in their social graph.

And consider this…

If you +1 this blog post, you'll not help me understand its relative quality, but when someone in our extended social graph does a search on Google for Social Media Metrics your endorsement of this content will show up in the search results. That's reassuring to your social graph, and it is great for me because your endorsement makes this post stand out over others and I get a relevant visitor/customer.

Sweet, right? Your selfless social media contribution comes back to assist you in driving valuable business outcomes.

That's why you measure Applause. It matters in ways you can't imagine!

How to measure it?

Individually the numbers are available in most tools. Easy to find in Google+ (see example in the end). For Facebook the number is included in Facebook Insights, though it is not available as easily in a simple way (at least not as expansively as outlined above). For Twitter, sadly I could not find it anywhere (inside Twitter or other tools).

So help me. Do you use a tool that will allow us to measure Applause Rate? Please share via comments.

Finally the metric any company leader will adore…

economic value social media metric

4. Economic Value.

I am smiling. I know that the long time readers of my blog would know that I would never let you get away without measuring hard business bottom-line impact of any digital effort!

It is foolish to believe that just Conversation Rate, Amplification Rate, Applause Rate will get you the eternal love and gratification (and perhaps budget!) of your company's leadership. Yes they care a little bit about this "social media thing." But if you want their adoration (and let me repeat: budget!) you are going to have to quantify the economic value created via social media.

You don't participate in social media to only drive business outcomes. I cannot stress that enough. If that is your primary objective you are going to suck at it (and the above metrics will reflect very efficiently how much you suck).


A small percent of the people in your company / brand's social graph will come to your main digital outpost (usually your company website) and choose to do business with you. Some of them will buy something, others will sign up for your email marketing list, others still will order a catalog or write reviews for products on your site or sign up as an affiliate or create wish lists or marriage registries or phone your call center to order something or… stay with me…. buy your products or services in your supermarket / store / real world thing.

And you know what all of those things are? Macro and Micro Conversions!

And you know what you can do with macro and micro conversions? You can measure Economic Value!

On all social media channels:

Economic Value = Sum of Short and Long Term Revenue and Cost Savings

Social media participation, done right, adds value to the company's bottom-line. Some of it can't be computed. That is okay. But some of it can be and it is your job, nay duty (!), to quantify that.

It is not very hard to do. Read the two posts immediately above. They share very specific guidance for businesses of different types (B2B, B2C, A2K) about how to identify the macro and micro conversions and then compute economic value.

What to do with it?

Those of you who have been at one of my recent keynotes have seen this slide:

macro micro conversion economic value

Your job is to identify that blue arrow, and the orange box (what it stands for and what the amount is). It is not very hard, just takes a little patience and imagination.

And here is the incredible, amazing, magical thing. Once you have your highest level segmented view of the acquisition strategy, above, you can in two seconds segment down to individual channels you participate in.

Your view will look something like the one below, from Google Analytics:

economic value per social media channel

I can focus on the Per Visit Goal Value (economic value delivered by visitors from social media channels across my macro and micro conversions – note the 0% in the macro conversions column, ouch!) for each channel. StumbleUpon rocks ($1.43), Twitter takes the next spot (around $0.60) and then comes Facebook ($0.26, clearly not a winner for me).

Now, not only can I tell my CEO what the small amount of direct value added to the business is, I can also report to her/him exactly which channels are contributing how much. You can't be in every social channel that pops up. The above data can give you guidance on where to be.

You do Economic Value and you will never, ever have to beg for investment in Social Media, and your career will get on the fast track. I promise.

And just to repeat one more time. A vast majority of value your business / brand gets from social media will be owning your message, building the watering hole I've mentioned, having a direct relationship with your customers and so much more. But showing some direct economic value will get you permission to do more of that. Without it you are just another "smarty pants" promising "vague outcomes" via "the next hip thing."

How to measure it?

Use Google Analytics, Omniture, WebTrends, CoreIBMInsights, etc.

Takes less than five minutes to set up. Provides a lifetime of joy.

Four Metrics That Rock.

Conversation Rate. Amplification Rate. Applause Rate. Economic Value. Four simple measures that get you to focus on the right thing from a social media participation perspective, help you understand how well you are doing at it, and quantify the business impact.

The challenge is that thus far it is hard to pull them all together in one place. As I had mentioned earlier, Excel is your bff for now. My hope is that vendors will stop creating tools in silos (just do Twitter or Facebook or Google Plus or YouTube or…) and start to think of real world needs of Brands and Businesses and pull together metrics we need into one place (from all social channels).

There are small signs of hope.

Crowdbooster has a very interesting view of twitter:

crowdbooster social data

You can see Retweets (x-axis) and Replies (size of the circle) overall and individual tweet perspective. So both Conversation and Amplification. The other two metrics are missing, but it is a start.

All My + is a early prototype of data from Google+ and provides three of the four metrics recommended in this blog post:

google plus social media metrics

It is missing Economic Value. But you can get that out of Google Analytics or Site Catalyst in five minutes.

If you are a tool vendor… I would love for you to adopt the aforementioned metrics, and definitions, into your tool. All I ask for is a donation of one million US dollars to Doctors Without Borders. Doable?

What About Social Media Advertising?

If you are engaging in brand advertising on social media channels then the metrics you should solve for should be the first three. If you do a Promoted Tweet or Facebook Like campaign or whatever Google+ decides to come up with then you want to measure resulting Conversation, Amplification and Applause (of course only if you did not stink at your campaign).

If you are engaging in direct response advertising on social media channels then the fourth metric, Economic Value delivered, comes into play from a strategic perspective. It covers both the immediate value (revenue via macro conversions) and the longer term value (economic value via micro conversions).

For tactical reporting of your direct response social media campaigns, the metrics you'll use will be the ones I've recommended for all other advertising channels (paid search, display, affiliate, whatever).

Here's that picture, applied to SM DR campaigns:

social media direct response advertising metrics

Value Per Acquisition. Shoot for that.

It will be hard. The enchanting temptresses that are Clicks and Impressions and Avg. CPC will try to lead you astray. Resist their charms. Trust me.

Go for Ninja-hood.

Closing Thoughts.

Social media presents and incredible opportunity to rethink what it means to connect with and influence customers. You need to forget what has worked in the past (and that is why this is so incredibly hard to do. The biggest brands in the world embarrass themselves every day on social media). You'll have to rewire your brain.

In presenting new metrics for you to measure, what I'm really trying to do is provide a very small assistance in helping you think differently.

I hope it works.

Update: Bonus:

Erik Ohlen was inspired by this blog post to create a very simple, and effective, dashboard where you can track the four recommended social media metrics.

Dashboard: Best Social Media Metrics

As I had stressed above, currently if you want to report these metrics exactly as defined above and from ALL the social channels mentioned then you have to do so manually. Small price to pay for communicating the actual impact of social media to your management right?

Sheet 1 is the dashboard itself, with instructions. Sheet 2 is where you type in the raw data. Could not be simpler.

Download: Social Media Metrics Dashboard. Adapt it to your business. Rock a lot!

Update2: (Apr 26)

When I'd written this blog post it was not possible to measure the metrics that I'd created here. But now there is a very good, still in alpha, tool that allows you to measure the metrics recommended in this post. It's called TrueSocialMetrics.

Here's a sample of what the report looks like…

True Social Metrics

Play with it, and get just the data you need to make smarter decisions when it comes to social media.

As always it is your turn now.

How do you measure the success of your social media efforts today? Got a favorite super lame or super awesome social media metric? Does one of the four (or all four!) metrics above resonate with you? What did I miss about social media? Is there a benefit / outcome / facet that I missed in my measurement framework?

Please share your feedback, critique, suggestions, and cool tools to measure these four metrics, via comments.


PS: A few helpful links for you:

A couple of my older posts with thoughts on social media measurement:

A post how to segment your social media data in Analytics (includes a downloadable advanced segment):

A comprehensive post on the most important gift you can give your business, compute economic value of your digital efforts:


  1. 1

    Nice post, Avinash! It highlights the need to have clear business objectives and a logical framework of how the activity in the specific social media channel will roll up to something that matters to the business.

    It seems like "economic value" as you define it understates the potential for social media, as it relies on campaign-tracked and referral traffic tied back to on-site conversions. While there isn't a ton of data (Foresee did a study during the holiday season last year, which is all that I'm aware of), it seems reasonable that there is a lot of engagement in social media relative to a brand that *does* contribute economic value to the brand but that does *not* ever include a clickthrough from the social media channel to the site. Rather, the conversation in social media influenced an in-store purchase or influenced a subsequent visit to the site that wasn't initiated by a social media clickthrough. That makes it a real bugaboo to measure, I realize. So, if the "referral/tracked" measures demonstrate sufficient economic value to drive continued investment, great! If it doesn't, that doesn't mean the value isn't there — it just didn't show up easily in GA, Sitecatalyst, etc.

    • 2

      Tim: I could not agree more with you.

      Economic Value is just one of the four things I recommend people measure. Conversation, Amplification and Applause help measure the other bits of impact (which translate into, if nothing else, lowered marketing / acquisition / customer retention costs).

      But without Economic Value most Social Marketers / Social Media Gurus will get laughed out of any decent sized company (as Jonghee highlighted in a later comment). So we show value, get permission/investment to do the right thing correctly, rinse and repeat. :)

      Wonderful people in the ecosystem such as yourself I know are working very very hard to tie all other bits of Social Media value into a quantified number. And that work does not stop.


    • 5
      shesaidsomethin says

      "Your selfless social media contribution comes back to assist you in driving valuable business outcomes."

      It is simply a paradigm shift. The firm is set up to make money not to care about customers (regardless of what each and every firm claims – sometimes in silly videos about how much they care about the mission/vision/whatever).

      Actually caring about customers (like you would yourself and stop giving them shallow unpalatable – I'm being nice – content). This is the paradigm shift.

      Thankfully this article may help people choose the right metrics but without the right mindset it won't really matter and customers will just be $ signs. I for one thank you! This means I can truly differentiate my own business and I can take a deep sigh of relief because I don't want to give junk to my customers that I wouldn't want. I can be customer-centric (truly not just hyperbole!).

      Thanks firm!

  2. 6

    Wonderful article Avinash, as always. Among the four metrics, the most important thing would be economic value.

    My real-life challenge on finding economic value is that most of the case eventually it will be based on certain assumptions and making reasonable assumptions is a key to the right economic value. It's not easy but even trying it would be valuable since we can learn a lot during the process.

    Tim mentioned the value of non-trackable social media influence such as in-store conversion. I agree that we should not neglect that portion of influence, but in real corporate life, at first, I'd better use something we can measure and quantify to persuade management. If we do it correctly, we can justify the value of social media investment most of the case even not touching intangibles.


  3. 7

    Isn't there substantial conceptual overlap between the first 3?

    It seems like commenting, sharing, and liking are all manifestations of the same larger, underlying thing, no? (call it what you will: say, affinity for the content?)

    • 8

      Scott: The commonality between Conversion, Amplification and Applause, if there is any, is that they creating a set of permission based influence engagements with your 1st level, and through them the 2nd level, network.

      Other than that I personally believe they measure different things and, more importantly, different outcomes. Thus provide different insights into how well you are doing.


      • 9

        If the underlying construct is something like 'how much the content resonates with me' or 'I feel an affinity for this content,' then 1, 2, and 3 are measuring essentially the same thing. They differ regarding the actions we take as a result of that affinity – and thus perhaps a level of commitment to the content (e.g., we're more committed if we share than if we just click) – but the state of mind for the actions is the same, no?

        • 10

          Hi Scott, Avinash,

          I agree that the state of mind for the actions from the audience may be the same, but there are several differences in the magnitude and the expected follow-up response from these actions that should trigger different tactics on how the marketer should respond, which I believe is what really matters.

          For example, I think one big difference that lies between Conversation Rate vs. Amplification Rate, is how much the marketer himself is involved after he published the initial post. If you publish a really viral post, it may get shared many times, spread across several network levels, building strong brand awareness for you. However, without your direct involvement in a conversation about the content, the awareness itself may not have enough content to turn into brand trust that may have been built with more direct engagement. How that actually affects the final economic value of course, depends on each business or situation, but it sets up potentially different tactics on how marketers can take action.

  4. 11


    Thanks for sharing this post.

    Since you ask, we are measuring conversation for weblogs so we can benchmark them.

    However, what you call conversation (see above) we call engagement (kind of pre-step to conversation). We then distinguish between author replies, reader replies, and so forth.

    For me having a conversation needs a kind of: write – read – write/reply – read – write-reply.

    At such a level we can then measure things like reader who commented about a reply to another reader’s comment

    So in turn offers the blogger a :

    – raw engagement score
    – reader versus author engagement score
    – reader conversation score
    – author conversation score

    and so forth.

    I hope this is useful.

    • 12

      Urs: Engagement seems to mean nothing and everything so I'm personally biased in terms of how best to communicate what is being measured effectively.

      I concur with you on the metrics you mention in your comment. My good friend Joost de valk had created plugin for WordPress that measures those metrics (based on post I had written – talk about circular references!).


      • 13
        Urs E. Gattiker says


        Thanks for this information. I did not know Yoast had a plugin …. checked it, it does some of the things we do and very nicely indeed.

        Thanks so much for this pointer


  5. 14

    I agree that we need to stop pushing the one way communication marketers are used to with TV and radio. It's time for a conversation!

    And I'm glad you've come up with solid ways to measure the results of social media marketing!

  6. 15

    Wow, Avinash, we think along the same lines on the subject!

    As we've been quite disappointed by current analytics tools on this very specific subject, we've been working on our (, which provide similar metrics to yours.

    And a bit more… ;-)

    For example, the "Community Engagement Rate" which measure members' bonds with each other (=average # of comments/post published by member). This way you can see if members are talking to each other (stronger value) or if they only talk to you.

  7. 16

    Once again, thanks Avinash. It was bold and refreshing of you to be willing to deviate from your norm.

    That being said, and far be it for me to pick a fight with The Master, I'm not so sure I agree with the Applause metric. My (personal?) problem with the Like & Company is it has no context. That is, maybe even more dis-Liked something. IMHO, the Like in its current form only shows: of the people who saw *and read* the update, how many of those people moved the cursor across the page, hovered over a link and then clicked that link. While not mindless, it's pretty close, yes?

    Therefore, in other words, it boils down to: The update made a number of impressions; some of those actually paused to read my update; some of those people might be pro-Like and bothered to click a link labeled Like; and it is always true that no one clicked the link labeled dis-Like.

    I suppose it's better than nothing. We can have that discussion some other time :) None the less I think it is very important the true context of that metric be understood. The definition of impression is pretty loose and you also might not have a pro-like crowd and/or material that triggers a Like in what is often a playground-esque setting (i.e., people don't go on FB to do work, do they?)

    Also, at the risk of repeating myself and at this point sounding like a broken record – if that metaphor is still valid :) – my belief is link tagging (a la Google URL Builder) is a useful tool that is too often overlooked. Tagging when paired with a URL shortener that provides analytics (e.g., can help to gather real data. For example, in using the URL Builder format I treat each update as a unique "campaign". That is, in a way, the link in each update is not really that different from a banner (for which is URL Builder's original intent) that drives traffic back into my site.

    Please note: Aside from tagging the links back to your own site, you can also tag links to the other sites/pages that you share. The URL shortener's analytics will let you watch the activity on those links too. And while I don't yet do so myself I'm beginning to warm up to the idea of also logging the actual message posted. That is, trying to understand (for example) if a particular hash tag on Twitter seem to draw more clicks.

    As you noted, today's social media measurement tools might not be idea but much like anything in this wild world wide web west, it's a work in progress. Getting involved sooner means figuring it out sooner. Getting involved later will only delay the development of the muscles necessary to do the necessary heavy lifting.

    • 17

      Mark: Think of it in layers. Applause > Amplification > Conversation. Each adds an additional amount of "pain" to the user to do, and hence provides more context and detail.

      But in a world where pressing a button is sufficient to communicate "awesome" (like/+1) and "sucky" (dislike/-1, hopefully buttons coming soon :)), I believe that that action, small as it might be, provides insights into what people are connecting with and what they are not. First layer of insights.

      And don't forget the impact what these simple button clicks then cause. SEO. Social Ads. Social Graph activities. So much more. It is not just a button click any more.

      But think of it in layers of value.

      Thank you so much for your detailed comment, and dissent. I appreciate that more than you can imagine.


  8. 18

    Hi Avinash, a nice thought provoking blog post.

    It's good to see practical measures that can be calculated through traditional web analytics systems and you've covered those clearly and persuasively.

    An observation is that your measures are towards the bottom of the funnel and don't look at top of funnel reach or conversations independent of website/blog posts. I know these aren't available in traditional analytics tools, but with social media monitoring tools it's common to use these to report on:

    1. Conversation volume e.g. brand mentions or other market relevant keyword mentions tracked across media. This is similar to your "conversation rate" except you reference a specific post – the keyword mentions can happen independent of this.

    You asked how to measure this conversation rate – all of the main vendors would claim to do this – this was our compilation:

    2. Conversation share – volume compared to competitors for target keywords – I think this is the most important type of measure you are missing here – you could have an efficient lower funnel but the brand is not discussed so much relative to competitors

    3. Conversation sentiment or polarity – automated and/or human assessment of brand mentions which are positive or negative and need to be followed up.

    I hope that adds to your framework – have you written a post/have a deck on the future intersection of site-based analytics with social media monitoring tools and social media platform based analytics e.g. Facebook Page Insights?


    • 19

      Dave: Three of the four metrics I recommend can't be measured using Web Analytics tools. :)

      I'm unsure as to what stage of the traditional sales/marketing funnel they fall into. Mostly because I believe that social media is unique in that it allows businesses and brands to influence across the entire funnel (highlight, persuade, acquire, retain). Most great brands are doing that now.

      Measuring "mentions" is something I've personally not valued, because that word/metric lacks any context. Hence I've gravitated towards conversation, amplification where specific context around "what" and "how" is present, and we can figure out "why".

      The half serious joke I tell is that we are pretty soon going to reminisce about Mentions and Fans and Followers like we do about Hits (how idiots track success – to use KD Paine's lingo!). :)

      I could not agree more with you on competitive analysis and gaining valuable context from that data. It is priceless.


      • 20

        Oh my word…hits. That cracked me up. It does boggle my mind how many people, even the media, still report hits as being a reliable metric.


      • 21

        Ahhhh but aren't "fans" just the equivalent of those who clicked "like" (at least in Facebook terms)?

        • 22

          Heather: That is true, but some Likes on Facebook are in context of comments and other Likes are in context of a page and others still are in context of a brand.

          In our analysis sadly we will have to ensure that we accommodate the context in which we want to report the data, and then choose accordingly.


  9. 23

    I loved this beefy post, thanks for the deep-dive!

    I did want to just note one thing–regarding tracking of Twitter favorites—you can get an email notification for those, and then have the notifications sent to a specific folder. It's a hacky way to get the number, but it will work if you want to track favorites.

  10. 24
    Brenda Layman says

    You've presented quite a lot of useful and interesting material here, but you've left out the celebrity factor. Simply put, the most engaging tweet or post from an unknown will not elicit the number of responses that any reasonably coherent tweet or post from a prominent individual will inspire. People enjoy the idea that they can interact with important people.

    Social media has a kind of intimacy that is not really intimate, allowing people to offer apparent personal access while keeping the audience at arm's length. So, it may not be true that someone's media efforts "stink," but only the case that they have not managed to break into the rarified atmosphere of those people deemed by millions to be important enough to warrent a following.

    • 25

      Brenda: This might be an error on my part but I don't care about the celebrity factor. I deeply believe that any person (or brand) has an opportunity to create a hyper relevant network on social media and succeed with it.

      Yes, the size of the network might be 100 people or 1000 people (vs 1 million). But if you do it well and you are able to create a social graph with the right 100 people then what does it matter that Ashton has 15 trillion?

      My Conversation Rate is 13 on Google+ and around 40 on this blog. Ashton's numbers are probably more like 154,128 on either channel. But we are both solving different problems and, dare I say, we are both winners. :) The data helps us understand how to do what we do better.

      Even if you have 20 people liking your Facebook existence, figure out how to solve for these metrics.


      • 26
        Brenda Layman says


        Thanks for your thoughtful reply. I was concerned that your metrics approach would be too discouraging for the little guy. I'm the little guy, and my clients are mostly even littler guys. Admittedly, Ashton has more of a following, but to us, you are also one of those people who enjoy benefits from the celebrity factor. However, your point that even small numbers can work is encouraging.


  11. 27

    Avinash – Great metrics and blog post as always. I get conversation, applause, amplification and economic impact for actions that occur in session.

    But what about long sales cycles and repeat visitors. For those interested in tying social media to multi-channel funnels to see the impact of social across multiple visits, do you have any advice on reports/metrics to use to show how well social is assisting your other campaigns?

    • 28

      Josh: With analytics of all types (from all vendors) becoming more Visitor centric I personally believe that the challenge you mention is becoming less of a challenge over time.

      Google Analytics's Multi Channel Funnel report (and equivalent reports in the tool you are using, if it has it) provide insights into this pan session behavior. Which in turn should help you communicate how Social impacts future behavior (especially if it leads to a Macro or Micro Conversion).


  12. 29
    Mary Rowat says

    As a social media student, I found this article both interesting and timely.

    I have to submit a discussion piece for tomorrow's class and your post has given me much food for thought.

    Thanks, you've got my applause and my +1.

  13. 30

    We've created a tool called Measured Voice that tracks FB likes and comments, Twitter retweets, and bitly link clicks on social media messages. Reports can be exported in csv.

    We've been in beta for a while and are overhauling our architecture at the end of the year to make it faster and allow for gathering of impressions (amplification), Twitter favorites, and the addition of support for other platforms (we'll do Tumblr long before we bother with Google+).

    It's really gratifying to read this post because it validates some of our philosophies: specifically that we need to be tracking metrics on a message by message basis – not generalized follower growth stats which do nothing but stoke egos. Thank you for writing it!

    • 31


      Does/will your app present some of the metrics Avinash outlined?

      • 32

        * "applause" via Facebook likes.
        * "amplification" via retweets
        * "conversions" via clicks on bitly links and Facebook comments (although I'm not sure if I agree that a Facebook comment always counts as a conversion)

        In the future, among other things, we will add tracking for Twitter favorites, Twitter replies, and Facebook and Twitter impressions.

        Thanks for asking!

  14. 33

    Thanks for this post!

    I wonder if there's not some more work to be done on simplifying or differentiating the first 3 metrics. Social media being the unique beast that it is, a +1 (applause) would also seem to fall into the conversation (react) and amplification categories.

    I think there's value in all 3 independently, but we should see that each metric would plot roughly the same on a graph for a given message, just with different axis values. So, I'm wondering if there's not a (more) brilliant formula hiding in here somewhere for a combined metric. "Social Value" perhaps.

    The 3 independent metrics should probably remain separate as you start to analyze a single message impact across different networks.

    Thanks for making us think!

    • 34

      Justyn: Please see my response to Mark regarding relationships between the three metrics. There is a lose tie, but they are different enough.

      It is tempting to think of a single metric (why make our life harder! :)). I am sure there is a magical "Social Value" metric out there. It would not shock me one bit that some are already selling it as the secret sauce.

      I've personally found that Compound Metrics (/Calculated Metrics) have a regressive impact on a company's ability to 1. find insights 2. know when disaster strikes 3. figure out what action to take. Hence I'm biased on that account.

      If you would like a bit more context please see #4 in this blog post:

      ~ Actively Avoid Insights: 4 Useful KPI Measurement Techniques

      Thanks so much!


  15. 35
    Allen Roberts says


    This is terrific, thought provoking stuff!!

  16. 36

    Thanks for this thought provoking post.

    You are really telling us to be more "social" and less "media" by measuring a 2-way interactions with our readers, instead of just a 1-way broadcasting.

  17. 37

    Interesting there's such a bias towards believing there is value in social beyond what can be properly measured. Is it possible the value of social is exactly what can been measured, and no more?

    Just wondering.

    • 38

      Jim: You never fail to bring a smile to my face. :)

      There is an astonishing bias towards believe that there is an overwhelming amount of value in Social (beyond what can be properly measured).

      Having engaged in the social web revolution with gusto (both as a creator and as a recipient) I've come to believe that there is value (beyond immediate economic), perhaps not as much as the SM Gurus might indicate but there is value.

      I have a much more positive brand affinity towards Red Bull purely because of their incredible social media participation. I am not going to switch away from Comcast (inspite of their horrible DVR) because of how amazing their support is via Twitter. So on and so forth.

      But short of running clean test and control experiments (there are such huge data gaps here, it is hard to do them) it is impossible to quantify value in a clean way.

      Hence the stress on measuring Economic Value. If social media is done well by any brand that Economic Value will easily surpass any people, process, technology investments the company is making. That should tide us over until we figure out the value of the other stuff. And then we will rule the world! :)


      • 39

        I have no doubt there is some value in social beyond what can be measured, as this has been the case for all marketing since it began ;) The problem is this value is often situational, not too mention not properly measured using an incremental basis (as you point out).

        For example, to small local businesses who do no other form of advertising, there is a huge amount of relative value to using social media, versus no advertising at all. Some advertising is much better than none, and since it's free, the incremental value created by (properly) using social is huge.

        On the other hand, I wonder why social analysis seems to forget that people have to be aware of you to "Like" you in the first place. Further, it seems unlikely a person would "Like" a brand or product if they have not already experienced it, and are already a fan. If this is not true, if people "Like" a company even thought they do not (paid to Like?), then the problems with social go way beyond analysis…

        But if true, , the number of "Likes" doesn't have as much to do with awareness as it does with size of customer base, and is much more aligned with tracking customer issues (retention, loyalty) than anything to do with awareness / acquisition.

        Add the fact many companies are running lots of advertising designed to create awareness, and the incremental value of social as a "media" may be close to zero, or at least less than the cost to analyze the true value of it.

        And this last, really, is the core of the issue. It's simply not possible to measure "all" the value created by any kind of marketing, and there are hugely diminishing returns as you try to capture the last bits. I think it's quite possible the optimism for "value beyond what can be measured" is less than the cost of measuring it *if* people keep looking in the awareness / acquisition field.

        Folks who want to find this "missing" social value should start doing customer analysis, and look in the "retention / loyalty" area, where the whole idea of social is a natural, rather than a forced, fit.

      • 40
        Jessica Simon says

        Jim & Avanish – I feel like I have this conversation regularly at my company.

        Sales: We need 100k likes on facebook. Our comptitors have it.

        Analytics: Why? We're so much better off buying users through SEM or Outbrain than getting facebook fans, in terms of revenue and user loyalty.

        What makes this type of debate so much more difficult is that Social is very high level of effort in a way that SEO is not (today). Partially because the tools aren't up to snuff, partially because there is a lot left to learn and because external factors keep changing.

        But, I do think you are overlooking one crucial element to the value of social media, which its synergy with search. We continue to see examples which prove it to be a very strong relationship. For instance, a user shares a page to their friends on Facebook. Because the link was shared through our on-site tools, a custom tracking code is appended. 15 of this user's friends come back. Then, suddenly, we see a huge spike (30k visits) coming from Bing with that particular URL, including the sharing tracking code. Huge economic value!

        But, what about the instances we can't track? When users grab the URL out of the toolbar and paste it into facebook and twitter etc…? This relationship to search is EXTREMELY valuable for a company who garners the bulk of organic traffic through search. But, the lack of transparency in this relationship make it very difficult to craft a bullet-proof argument for investing in Social.

        Also, we just signed on with an awesome little start up called Argyle Social ( They provide for link tracking, publishing, on-site conversion tracking, account or platform level analysis. It seems like they could track #1, #2, Part of #3 (FB not Twitter) and #4.

        Thanks for the great post!

  18. 41

    One thing that is going to kick this framework into high gear is sentiment analysis. Sadly, no one has nailed it yet – automatic processing of language is a ridiculously difficult problem to solve.

    Imagine being able to see something like "John Doe commented positively to your tweet, and 300 of his followers saw it, resulting in sales of $40". That would open up a crazy new world of measurement.

    Thanks for the post!

  19. 43

    Lots of great stuff to think about here, Avinash. Thank you for bringing this conversation to the table and for framing the topic so nicely.

    I really like the idea of measuring the individual tweets for the type of content that causes better amplification or better applause.

    I like your google analytics report for measuring economic value. My mind immediately wanted to see bounce rate in there to get a glimpse at missed opportunities.

  20. 44

    Problem is originality of the posts are decreasing in blogging world!

    Even though some re-post a blog, they change some text, but dont even bother to mention the source. The original writer doesnt get noticed, the person copying the post does. Lot of "duplicate" post blogs have spoilt the real blog world, which makes it worse day by day!

  21. 45

    Great post as always!

    On measuring applause on Twitter, what about That allows you to see how many people favourited a specific Tweet (and who did the favouriting – is that a word?).

    On the subject of secondary networks, have you looked at tools like Followerwonk? Quick way to better understand the make up of secondary networks – as well as identify which people you might consider following engaging with.

  22. 46

    Great article as always Avinash, and the topic of social media metrics and measurement strategies is something I am quite interested in and am spending quite a bit of time doing ongoing research upon.

    One question I wanted to get your thoughts on, since you mentioned micro/macro conversions on the landing-page /website as an integral part of the whole-story for social media measurement. When you defined macro vs. micro conversions in the past, you had defined it in the context of the website only, which can be used to help answer "why does my website exist"? I'm wondering, would you consider improving Conversation, Amplification, Applause potentially as micro-conversions as well, since it helps answer, "why does my online marketing efforts, including social media, exist?"

    • 47

      Peter: Very good question. I've defined Micro Conversions as things that add direct short or long term value to the business.

      Conversation, Amplification, Applause absolutely add value to the business. But for now, while the ecosystem evolves, it is very hard to understand how the direct part of the definition is met. Hence for now I would say these metrics (and success they identify) adds indirect short and long term value to the business.

      So I would not consider them to be "micro conversions." But that does not mean that we can't set goals for them or that we should not segment and report like Analysis Ninjas and understand how to improve them.

      Hope this helps clarify the issue.


  23. 48
    Daniel Thull says

    I like the three metrics you propose and share your aversion for aggregate metrics. However, I'm not sure whether the fourth metric isn't falling a bit short.

    You seem to imply that you use social media to drive traffic to your site which will then create economic value. My brand manager colleagues would argue that the value is created by their beautiful facebook pages themselves (i.e. positive impact on brand perception and purchase intent (which we can't really measure…)). They don't even expect consumers to go to web pages. Any idea how we can get management's attention for social if we don't use Google Analytics goals?

    On another note: what do you think of Facebook's new "people talking about" metric? Where does this fit in the framework?


    • 49

      Daniel: Beautiful Facebook pages are not the end. They are, if they deliver relevance, the starting point. Then you measure Conversation, Amplification and Applause to understand if your beautiful Facebook pages contain beauty that is just skin deep. :)

      Those three metrics are squarely focused on judging if your Agency and your Company are "doing Facebook right."

      I've stressed a couple of times that Economic Value will capture only a fraction of the value delivered, but it is a real value to the business. If you can't show your management that your social strategy is somehow tied to business success then it would make life difficult.

      It is also possible that your websites don't deliver any value to the business. In as much having a social strategy that provides a path for outcomes for some of your audience via your websites might not be an option. That would be quite sub optimal.

      Regarding "People Talking About"… it is a compound metric that mushes a few different things together. I am a little bit biased against compound metrics, please see the links in the above comment.

      PS: Please also see Jim Novo's comments on measuring "social value" all by itself.

  24. 50
    Ben Waxman says

    Great, thought provoking post. Thank you.

    Just to add insult to injury, I copied this url into an email msg that I shared with about 10 folks who are important to projects I'm leading. They will likely share my email with others using their fwd button. Who's gonna measure that? ;-)

    Really found this on target. Will follow you to learn more. – Ben Waxman

    • 51

      Ben: Pure copy/paste sharing of the url can't be tracked easily. If those people use Outlook then they show up in Direct Traffic. But if they use modern email programs like Gmail then they will show up just fine as email referrers (and hence trackable! :)).

      Also if you use the "Email to a friend" link on most sites then they contain tracking parameters. So trackable.

      Finally if you just copy and paste the blog text then that is also trackable, please see this post:

      But I've disabled it because I personally find that annoying and don't want to foist it on my readers something I don't like myself.

      So you are right that there are limits to what can be tracked. But we can track more than you can imagine. :)

      PS: I do realize that you were probably joking a little bit in your comment.

      • 52
        Ben Waxman says

        yep, just a bit.

        • 53
          Joseph Crivelli says

          Provocative and attracktive ideas, Avinash and Ben (Hi, Ben. It's been a while! Too long!). For managers who are non-averse to aggregates, just think of the possibilities: only 4 more metrics away from a tool you could call the "8-Track Ply-er". That'll grab 'em!

          But for me — who lives on the other side of the tracks — who is not hugely knowledgable about Marketing, it seems logical NOT to listen to all those managers who want everything to square. There's room for intuition in business, no? (Mr. Apple had said as much.) Some businesses do social media because the people there like it — I mean the old fashioned way of liking something: it's what they do. Or to borrow a line from a P-Funk track, "We do this and this is what we do. We Do do this and what we do to this, we do to you." So, go ahead and do social media if that's what you do, but don't expect an accounting panacea.

          My grandfather used to say "Figures always lie and liars always figure." That may be a bit too far for me. I believe you should study your stuff and shoot for quantitative and qualitative measures. The absence of self-study is an abysmal tunnel.) But ask those managers who stare at the bottom line to try a social(logical) experiment: Write down and share with their colleagues how all your products, projects, plans and ideas fail to meet their intended goal. Then compare that with your quarterly reporting. The truth lies/lay somewhere in the middle.

  25. 54

    Fantastic post, Avinash!

    I really like this as a way to measure the overall impact of an organization's social media initiatives.

    On a tactical level, I also like to segment by overall topics, or themes, as well, so that I can see what's resonating with the followers/fans/friends.

  26. 55

    Thanks for sharing Avinash.

    Really like Jim comment; there will always be a brand awareness dimension in any broad marketing campaign (display, social media, TV). Bottom line, you always need a way to measure effectiveness of a campaign (money rule – here comes KPI #4).

    For the tool part, though I'm not a social expert (trying to focus on WA), I have to think about Social Media from a reporting POV. So far, best tool closely able to measure KPIs #1-#2-#3 is SimplyMeasured (though it doesn't support Twitter favorite count yet).


  27. 56

    Very informative article Avinash!

    You might check out a company from Durham, NC called Argyle Social. In addition to various other tools, they provide a very nice interface you to track/monitor the four metrics outlined in the post!


  28. 57

    Great post as always Avinash!

    I've been drumming the point home at my company that we need to move from a model of a race to the highest number of fans to quality engagements.

    The first step is to find a tool which will deliver simple reporting on key metrics similar to what you discussed on our most used social platform (for now) Facebook.

    I've found a great tool at which amalgamates the following metrics into a single page 'score':

    – Fan Growth
    – Content (frequency, diversity of content posted)
    – Interactions (number of likes and comments)
    – Quality (length of post)

    I can also see the 'Key Influencers' which help me identify 'Super Fans' and brand advocates.

    It doesn't yet provide sharing data but I expect this will come.

    The best part is that I can add a number of brands pages into the platform and compare based on the above scores to see how well is brand is really doing.

    It is the classic case where brand A may have 100,000 fans and a poor score while brand B may have 20,000 fans but fans who engage, comment, like and share actively on the page.

    The holy grail as you say is to have "one tool to unite them all" and it is badly needed.

    Until then we're going to use Social Bakers in combination with the new insights metric – 'people talking about this' and marry this with our Google Analytics report which reports which (other) social channels are delivering against our key business metrics which we've assigned a score to.

    We're busy with setup right now but I'm really looking forward to being able to point to the numbers and divert marketing spend accordingly.

    I can see Google buying out a combination of these vendors or perhaps one vendor who has cracked the problem for the most used social platforms and building this into the next GA.

    As ever, inspiring stuff!


    • 58

      Michael: Thanks for sharing the tool, I'll be sure to check it out.

      The challenge with Facebook only tools is that they fall into the trap of just doing a data puke of Facebook data rather than focusing on what happens after a brand posts on Facebook (the four metrics outlined in this post).

      Any tool that looks beyond that would be most delightful.


  29. 59

    This is a great post!

    I would just to bring up two things:

    – I agree amplification = shares, but also Liking and Commenting can amplify the message.

    – I love the idea of the applause rate, but It will start being accurate once Facebook, Twitter, Google+ incorporate the Unlike, -1, etc. Youtube incorporated this so time ago and I think is much better to really find out the tone of the engagement, don't you thing?

    Passion makes the difference.

  30. 60

    Me, Stephen Colbert and Nancy Pelosi… well, that's a first :) Thanks, Avinash. Big LOL from me :)

  31. 61
    Nathan Linnell says

    Thank you for yet another well thought out and insightful post. I particularly enjoyed this one because you’re opening people’s eyes to the idea of measuring social media impact across channels instead of evaluating individual silos. I believe that this concept is at the core of true social media analytics and should be the direction that is taken by any organization who truly wants to understand the impact of their social media efforts.

    The concept of cross-channel metrics is a key component of a new social media analytics tool called Social Snap that my company is releasing next week at eMetrics NYC.

    While the metrics that we have currently incorporated into the tool aren’t the exact calculations that you have outlined, they are based on the same concepts but with slightly different calculations.

    Social Snap currently incorporates metrics from social channels like Facebook, Twiiter and YouTube, as well as Google Analytics data, social media monitoring data, and custom data sources, such as CRM data.

    Social Snap has also been built with the idea that each organization has unique business objectives that are tied to their social media efforts. Because of this, the tool is completely customizable, so that users can create a set of custom reports and dashboards which allow them to truly understand how their efforts are impacting their business.

    Cross-channel analysis is just one piece of Social Snap’s functionality. If you’re going to be at eMetrics NYC next week, it would be great to show you the tools full capability. We’ll have a booth in the exhibit hall as part of the newcomers pavilion. If you won’t be there, hopefully I can show you a demo at some point and get your feedback.

    Thanks again for the very insightful post.


    • 62

      Nathan: Thanks for recommending your tool. Social Snap seems to be doing a lot, there is a ton of data from the social channels that one gets from many other tools (perhaps too much data, and variations on metrics that add to the too much data!).

      The integration between some activity on the site is wonderful, as is the categorization into positive, negative and neutral (always such a hard thing to get right).

      But other than "Retweets by me" all the metrics mentioned in this post don't seem to be in Social Snap. Perhaps you are evolving in that direction.

      The challenge for any vendor in this space is to figure out how to bring everything in and yet stop it from becoming such data puke that the users don't know what to do. Worse the handful of metrics that matter don't exist or are effectively hidden. *All* vendors face this problem, and will have to solve it.

      I wish you all the best.


  32. 63

    Thanks for this, Avinash. I have been struggling with "monetizing" social media traffic. I used quotes because it's about more than just financial business outcomes.

    A lot of the times, I'm pleased with social media traffic that has more than one pageview on their first visit. Or better yet… RETURNING visitors with social media as the point of first referral.

    Working effective measurement of social traffic into your multi-channel funnel is good stuff. I spend a lot of time thinking about that; moreso than looking at the numbers independently.

  33. 64

    Hey Avinash,

    Once again increasing my daily data insight intake from :)

    Some thoughts to share on how one can frame their approach:

    – Customers whom "Know" about your BRAND
    – Individuals whom "Know but still not convinced" about your BRAND
    – Individuals whom "Don't know" about your BRAND
    – Individuals whom "Doesn't care at all" about your BRAND

    Once the above framework is run through the organization and start to understand the "whats", the "whys" and "hows" of their subset of customers and individuals,and start to plug in the four points you kindly share with us namely Conversation Rate, Amplification Rate, Applause Rate and Economic Value into how could a BRAND seek to approach or engage them based on their subset group.

    And in case you or your reader missed out, Assistly ( is awesome tool to put together the above and have that be actually implemented into an organization to walk the talk and not merely paying lip service to social media and the next "Fill in the blanks ____" silver bullet. Which goes back to having a BRAND to think not about "Social Media" but focus 101% about their "No.1 Boss – the Customers" instead.

    Rock on,

    • 65

      Deric: I agree with you completely on the value of segmenting the Big 4 Social Metrics for the customer personas you mention in your comment. Sometimes on social channels it is hard to figure out such information about people who engage with us. But that should not stop us!

      I would also expand your segments into other customer engagements of the more traditional ilk. Prospects and Customers. Or attract, acquire, retain (serving existing customers is such a great use of SM).

      Thanks so much for the delightful comment.


    • 66


      Couldn't agree more. Thanks for posting your reply. It's a nice supplement to what Avinash wrote. I find that many organizations don't ask enough questions of themselves before charging out into the market with their shiny ideas. Deric, you're comment nailed it.


  34. 67
    Nan Dawkins says

    Hi Avinash, I want to correct the record about Social Snap’s coverage of the metrics discussed in your post but first I need to thank you for pointing out something we needed to be reminded of: Our web site is woefully behind in conveying what the tool does. Our attention has been focused on development and we are behind on marketing. So, thanks to you, an update to the features pages on our site has just been added to the top of the marketing priority list.

    I also want to point out that Snap does indeed collect hundreds of metrics from social channels, however, we are very conscious of the data puking issue. Social Snap goes way beyond the individual metrics collected. Snap collects these metrics in order to combine them into a robust set of derived metrics similar to the concepts you’ve discussed in this post. What's more, the user can select any of the single or derived metrics available from all the various data sources in the system (Web Analytics, social channels, buzz data, custom sources) and create the reports that mean something to them.

    Regarding the specific metrics you define in your post:

    1.) Conversation Rate: We provide a very similar metric in Snap. We collect individual metrics in each channel that captures how much the "audience" is interacting with the content posted and combine those into a cross channel input/output ratio metric. We also provide a total audience engagement metric across channels for the purpose of tracking engagement growth.

    2.) Economic Value
    Snap provides reporting on soft and hard conversions and goal value very much the way you have described it here. This data is reported on in several different places in Snap. In the campaigns section, it is combined with campaign buzz and retweets to provide a more comprehensive view of what happened before the visitor arrived at the site.

    3.) Amplification: We are collecting the metrics you describe on a per channel basis (not Google Plus yet) but we have not yet combined those into a metric like Amplification rate. We like the idea!

    4.) Applause Rate: This one is not currently available in Snap although again, we are collecting some of the individual metrics you describe. Great idea and we will consider rolling up into a derived metric.

    Like you, we believe that calculating derived metrics (metric combinations) across channels is absolutely necessary. We've created many derived metrics in Snap and will continue working on new ones. This is a task that will never be "done" as the data available for collection changes, new thinking like this post emerges, and the channels and web analytics tools evolve. We’re very happy to see you writing about this topic and welcome the opportunity to give you a demo of the tool.

  35. 68

    Does anyone have experience using Simply Measured? It's a social tool, but I've only viewed the demo video–seems to have some of the data Avinash discussed in this post.

  36. 69
    Adam Farrah says

    Hugely insightful post, Avinash! What I found very interesting, in relation to my own experience, is that all your metrics are things I've observed QUALITATIVELY as a solo blogger who sells an eBook online and is highly active on Facebook.

    My friend Marsha and I started a group on Facebook called "Strong is the New Skinny" or "SINS" and have seen it grow into a highly active community of over 27,000 in about 1 year.

    Some of the things I've observed as one of the two administrators of SINS:

    Raving, evangelist fans

    Our followers INITIATING posts that either praise the community, the people or REQUEST a purchase link to my eBook or Marsha's Spreadshirt store. (Now THERE'S a metric! Number of customers REQUESTING you to help them buy and initiating a buying conversation!)

    Sometimes massive responses to the links we share to blog posts (or just status updates) and many shares of them from there

    This past weekend, I had a vendor booth at a fitness event and had a girl drive up from about 3 hours away to hang out with me and my girlfriend because she "knew" us from Facebook. She brought us each a T-shirt from her gym, bought an autographed hardcopy of my book and hung out with me at my booth for several hours on Sunday.

    This is something that's definitely worth a measure for solo bloggers/personalities – how many relationships that begin online are moving offline or blending between the two? As another example – I found YOUR work online and now have a strong desire to attend a conference that you're speaking at and have you sign one of your books for me – It's a transfer of online connection to offline…

    Thanks for the great post!


  37. 70

    Avinash I love what you have posted here. I know of a lot of sites that measure one or two of these none that measure all.

    It has been my opinion for some time that there are many times more lurkers in social than there are engagers and by measuring the interaction with the content you get a much more accurate picture of influence than than measuring 1 to 1 engagement with the person.

    The question I think is how do you enventually gain a level of influence with your audience to the point a large number act when you request it? Our testing seems to indicate it comes from 1) gaining attention through sharing of good relevant content to the given audience 2) Creating insightful orginal content that the audience can identify with and 3) Good old clear messageing and call to action.

    The kicker seems to be audience fragmentation. For a specific niche like Hubspot it is easy for them to know their audience and what content to produce and share, however for a retail store like say a car dealership this becomes a bit more difficult. Only a small part of the audience is interested in automotive related things at any given time and those interest times can be far between. The question we are working on right now on is what interest topics do you share & write content on if your audience is fragmented and generally only interested for short periods of time?


    • 71

      Larry: Your three part advice is very prudent, and my own experience bears that out. I would just add one slight nuance. You can't just "pimp." IE have all your social participation be about you, your products or always with a call to action pointing back to you. I've developed a best practice for myself, 1 aggressive pimp to 9 giving back. Sounds reasonable?

      That last part of your comment is the core reason why number of followers etc are horrible metrics. It is not about the size of the audience, rather the relevancy of the audience. My personal path has been to collect an audience (AND participate in an ecosystem) where there is a large overlap between what I can contribute (what I am good at) and what the audience/ecosystem will value. 1,000 hyper relevant followers are a million times better than 100,000 non relevant ones.


      • 72

        Avinash couldn't agree with you more on 1000 raving fans there was actually a good post on that some time back but I cant find the link now.

        Actually step one in my process above starts with sharing content that has nothing to do with you just of interest to your audience, that gets their attention. Only after you get their attention can you then layer in your own content to build authority that leads to eventual action.

        In that sense you 9 to 1 ratio is very prudent we just push more up front.


  38. 73

    Once you determine a number using the metrics above, how do you know, on a scale from 1-10, what is a good number?

    Is there a scale somewhere?

    • 74

      Barbara: I'm afraid there are no benchmarks on any of this (mostly because we don't even have tools to measure half the stuff we want to! :)).

      But, and we can't say this for all the work we do, more is better. More Conversation, more Amplification, more Applause and, lord knows this is true, more Economic Value.

      So benchmark against yourself and aim to get better over time. (I think you have my book Web Analytics 2.0, there is more in Chapter 11 about this.)

      In some cases you can snag your competitors numbers easily. For example the Google Plus tool above also measures your competitors (just type in their id instead of yours) and you can start to benchmark against them.

      Overall given where we are, early in the cycle, just aim to get better each day.


      • 75

        Wow great article Avinash,

        I came across this post from another interesting post you had about CI tools. I love how you have links from your other topics to new topics that even more interesting. Great work!

        Now to my question….

        I tried to find tools and API's to get me these social media metrics and my competitors. Are there any tools out there that will give me this level of detail at the post level? I am using Supermetrics but I could not get the level of granualarity on my competitors.

        I ended of having to build an web scraper via excel VBA that collects these metrics at the post level. It also lets me scrape for my competitors social pages to see what they are doing so I can set benchmarks.

        You mentioned if there were any tools that captures these for you and I would love to share this tool I created for everyone but wanted to know your thoughts on web scraping these social media channels.

        Thanks for the article!

        • 76

          Levett: You can use this one, it measures the metrics mentioned in this post:


          • 77

            Thanks Avinash,

            Signed up for it and testing it out now.

            I have 2 questions:

            1) Why are the conversion, amp and applause rates calculate with total posts and not the total fans/followers etc for each channel? If we use these calculations wouldn't a site with a huge fan base always get higher conversions, amplification and applause rates?

            I read on Facebook that they calculate engagement rate by sum(likes,comments,share,clicks)/ total reach

            Simplymeasured calculated engagement rate as sum(likes,comments,shares)/ total fans.

            2) I am playing around with the free version and it doesn't seem like this tool gives me post level data? I want to know which of my competitiors post had the most engagement this year. Any way to achieve that?

            Thank you for this blog as I always get inspired when reading your posts.


          • 78
            Debbie Kay says

            Semrush's new social media monitoring tool gives likes, comments and share by each different social media channel which is helpful for calculating competitor metrics.

            But I have to agree with Levett – a huge fan base that hardly posts and gets crappy engagement for the size of the fan base will show relatively high engagement. E.g. Petsmart has 2.3M followers on Facebook a but posted 7 times in the last week and had 800 likes, shares comments whereas Chewy has 380K followers on Facebook and posted 17 times on Facebook and had 2,800 likes, shares, comments.

            Clearly Chewy doing better but the metrics are only marginally better for Chewy and better for PetSmart across Instagram and Twitter because of sheer volume of fans even of only a tiny fraction engage.

            Shouldn't there be a metric for % of active fans metric as well?

  39. 79
    Michael Thamm says

    As always, loved the detail and the clear road to usefulness.

    BTW – Your blog is a perfect example of social media done right. It's the interaction and the conversation that you create – the writing style, the responses to comments – it's all social and creates a connection.

    This is what most companies should embrace and understand. I don't see this kind of execution normally and thus the results are not as impactful.

    Thanks again for the great post.

  40. 80

    Wonderful article Avinash,

    In the competitive marketing world, however, there’s a data-driven way to determine and understand extensively more data than is possible with traditional advertising. We have to do different type of measurement for make the better performance of our website. You have discussed the various great things like Amplification Rate, Applause Rate which are quite new for me and I love this concept.

    Social media is great platform but how to enhance with it GA is definitely a tough job. You explain in a very simple manner. I am using Radian6 for tracking my social media updates and it works well for me. I have just read your interview in SEOmoz and it is simply awesome for all Mozzer including me.

    Currently I am working on Facebook page with GA workaround. Someone also prefers to use Facebook insights for this. I am bit confuse where to start. It’s really good if you drop your feedback on this.

    PS: Do not forget to measure brand impact over time along with direct response. We have to see the engagement level on timely manner.

  41. 81


    Very pleased to have discovered you thanks to the SEOmoz newsletter with the interview from I Love SEO. Looking forward to reading more and learning from you.


  42. 82
    Alexandre says

    Thanks, from Portugal.

  43. 83

    This is great Avinash! I'm using something similar but I will take inspiration from this post and update my current score card.

    I've two things to add though:

    1) I find Spredfast to be an excellent tool to aggregate and report on the raw metrics from each platform. It doesn't do the calculations though, you still have to do that in excel. However, I'm sure some tech savvy person could figure out how to pull that API-data into excel automatically.

    2) Measuring the economic impact from referrals means you need to track each link. When this link travels through twitter, facebook and linkedin shares, is it getting all the attribution it should? I'd love just to be able to look at referrals and assign some rules to the referral path but unfortunately Facebook won't give you the full referral.

    Just my two cents!

    Br, Joakim

    • 84

      Joakim: If you add campaign tracking parameters to the links you share via social media then you should be able to track all the visits through those channels cleanly and completely. Across platforms and devices.

      This makes it ever more easy to do things like measure conversion rates and economic value. Additionally you can also do multi visit analysis using solutions like Multi-Channel Funnels.


  44. 85

    Me again, I've been through your post one more time and I'm not sure about the "Applause Rate" and how you've picked metrics from each network. I think this is a difficult one. What you want to measure here is really if people show that they appreciate your content or not. Each network has their own function for this, are we using it that way though?

    I consider myself pretty social savvy but just recently discovered how the favourite-button could be used (ok, it's a very opinion based comment of mine this one). I' suggest to look at "Engagement" instead, this would be all interactions with your content such as likes, comments, ratings and clicks.

    • 86

      Joakim: The common thread through all the "actions" chosen for Applause Rate is that they are single click "thumbs up" across the different channels.

      I would look less for that each are called and more at the action that is being measures. If it fits then group it, if it does not then not. :)


  45. 87

    I'm so sorry for the spamming here :)

    Thinking out really loud here and came up with 5 KPI's to benchmark:

    – Content relevance rate (Activities/Engagement) – This is close to your Conversation Rate but includes all Engagement metrics i.e. any interaction with content such as a re-tweet, comment, or like.
    – Avg. Reach per Activity (Divide your total potential reach with number of Activities, reach is things like newsfeed impressions on facebook, mention audience on twitter etc)
    – Network activity rate (network size / engagement) Viava lots of fans but how engaged is the network?
    – Tot. Referrals to site
    – Est. Tot Attributed Value

    • 88
      Anne-Signe Fagereng says

      Kudos for your KPIs here.

      In particular Network Activity Rate. If we follow metrics, such as the proposed conversation rate, over time, we do need to think about the growth in our follower base (in particular on Facebook).

      If the conversation rate is growing, but at a much slower rate than our fan base, we should rethink our content sharing strategy.

      • 89

        Hi Anne-Signe,

        My experience is that growth of Network Size is pretty linear and not affected very much by Conversation Rate or Network Activity. However, sales and traffic to your website are affected by the two first i.e. you're maximizing the value from your network rather than just growing it.

        Br, Joakim

  46. 90
    Web Marketing with Kate says

    Incredible post.

    It's the nitty-gritty of social media in web marketing. Maybe a bit overwhelming when trying to explain this to clients whom we want to set up with a social network and have someone in their business dedicated to engaging in that social media. But I think it's worth the effort.

  47. 91

    Hi Avinash,

    Once again, this is a great post. It definitely help social media marketers pull a brilliant scorecard that highlights the underlying value of their campaign this quarter!

    While Conversion(engagement), Amplification and Applause are all measured through physical interaction, have you thought of the capabilities of measuring VIEW-THROUGH Conversion on Social Media? For example, friends in my social network viewed my post regarding, say "Dapuri White Coffee" but did not reply, like, or +1. However, 2 days later, they went to and bought some products.

    If we can measure at this level of granularity for this type of "interaction", it would be great!

    Thank you


    • 92

      Alvin: If you look at the crowdbooster screenshot included in the post, you'll see that they do try to show something like what you were looking for when they show "People Reached."

      Kinda sorta view through. Perhaps "exposure" is a better term. Overall though in Social Media is is hard to measure that someone read something. We use proxies (like you see in this post) that are better in some ways.

      I have to admit I am not the world's biggest fan of the View-thru metric. The challenge is that we are trying measure something where we have no clarity in terms of what happened. We are assuming that something was seen, we have no idea that they did.

      One good way to validate that hypothesis is not use controlled experiments to figure out if something moves the dial. So for example in the context of Display Advertising pick some test and control sites / geos/ people / types of ads, run the experiment, measure if there is a material difference in ultimate outcomes, use that to decide. Much much better than using view thru.


  48. 93

    Hi Avinash,

    First of all congratulations for this great great post :-)

    I have one doubt, it's about the dashboard social media metrics.
    How do you calculate the economic value per source of visitor? Do you obtain it from GA?
    Is it just the figure you give to the goal when you are setting it in GA?

    I think this is how you get it but I'm not 100% sure.


  49. 94

    Avinash, we are using Campalyst – one of the only tools that sync Facebook and Google Analytics and provide a dashboard view of how every post converts and completes the conversion goals. Great stuff and worth looking at.


  50. 95
    Carol McWgirter says


    I have just started working with a client who has more than 80 twitter accounts and about 20 facebook accounts, the dashboard looks great but would I just add on all the twitter and facebook accounts?

    It all seems set-up for just one account when what I am facing is very different!

    Kind Regards


    • 96

      Carol: This is a common, and complex, challenge. Thanks for bringing it up.

      I am personally not for aggregating all the data up into one rolled up view. All the good and the bad get mushed up into a unrecognizable goo and it becomes hard to understand which accounts are doing a great job and which ones massively stink. That's my broad point of view. Collect all 80, but don't do 80 dashboards, do them for the top five and bottom five. Call the rest "middles that are ok but should do better to show up in the top five." :)

      If you do aggregate across 80 accounts then still make sure you call out the good ones and bad ones separately so you have some context. In the end you do want to to drive some action, not just report the data.

      Hope this helps.


  51. 97

    Nice post Avinash. Although I believe the economic value component of your matrix needs to be taken very carefully (or perhaps even with a few grains of salt…) the conversation component (which is engagement) might be the holy grail since we are trying to measure the connexions between people, their ideas and networking relations. The only tool that I know of that tries to measure the conversation rate is from a company called Nexalogy : nexalogy .com

    Thanks !

    Patrice Leroux

    • 98

      Patrice: I appreciate your point of view. But I have to admit that while you are right that Economic Value should be computed carefully (see links below on how to), I do not believe it should be taken with a grain of salt. There is some art involved, it is mostly science. And it is a solid number. And if Social Media efforts don't show some Economic Value then in the long term they are doomed. No matter how much "engagement" happens.

      As the post outlines… I am totally in agreement with you that the conversation, participation, applause, amplification add a tremendous amount of value. We can't fully comprehend or measure it for now. But there is value. As a brand that actively participates in Social Media I see it, and feel it :), every single day!


  52. 99

    Avinash – you should check out the metrics available in ThinkupApp. It's a cool application that captures and measures your social activity on multiple platforms, and has just the sort of data you mention. I couldn't find a hosted version of Thinkup that's open for anyone can use, but it's pretty easy to install yourself on the free version of AWS.

    A redesign of the dashboard is coming soon, some details are here –

    • 100

      Kevin: Thanks for pointing out the tool. I think it looks interesting.

      From the limited view of the screenshot though it looks like one of many tools that just go grab the data and then a bunch of it is represented in that image. Some of it full of promise (perhaps this is what you mean when you say redesign). But much of it suffers from the problem that all tools (from Google or Radian6 or whomever) suffer: Just puke a bunch of data out. :)

      My hope is that vendors will understand a lot more about what makes the experience unique, what's actually important to measure, and then primarily guide the user to that. That would be adding great value.

      I concur with you that the fact that they have access to all the data gives them a leg up on computing Conversation Rate, Amplification, Applause and Economic Value.


  53. 101

    Thank you for the post. Simply brilliant!!

  54. 102

    Nice post Avinash!

    So I have a question; There are differences at the moment of establishing metric between different sectors? For example, between public institutions and health there would be differences or ultimately, we all measure the same thing?

    Thanks for your post and job

    • 103

      Gemma: In this case I've defined these metrics based on what's unique about the medium and how people behave in it. Hence the metrics won't change for different types of companies (we all participate in the social sphere in the way).

      There might be some change to the last one, Economic Value. Clearly a government website will have a different macro and micro conversions and how they compute economic value. That will be different again for a newspaper or a pharmaceutical company etc.

      Here's a blog post on rules for choosing the best metrics: Web Metrics Demystified


  55. 104

    Hi Avinash

    Wow, this is so timely. I'm working in UK local government as a Senior eCommunications Officer and I just managed to argue for a social media metric to be included in our performance measures. The rate at which people engage with us, whether they're happy or sad, is a measure of their satisfaction with the experience of engaging with us. In other words, if we don't actively participate in the conversations that spring up and respond in a satisfactory manner, they'll quickly lose interest or even hope.

    So lack of chatter = bad engagement, lots of chatter = good engagement. And like I always say, always embrace the bad comments, how else will we learn to improve.

    • 105

      Jon: Congratulations on making the UK government a bit more data driven! All governments in the world need that type of evangelism.

      In my post my overwhelming emphasis was on measuring what happens, in your case for the government's contribution to social sphere, after you participate. Amplification, Applause, Conversation and Economic Value.

      "Chatter" is important (Conversation and Amplification get to that). But I've had less favorable experience calling the existence of chatter as "engagement" or that a lot of it is good. We certainly want to measure conversation rate, and we want to know the tone and texture of it so that we can adapt.

      Thank you,

      PS: Two posts you might find to be of value:

      ~ Web Analytics Success Measurement For Government Websites

      ~ "Engagement" Is Not A Metric, It's An Excuse

  56. 106
    Niall Cook says


    Saw this when you originally posted it, which was incredibly timely as we were finalising our own social media performance KPI for brands.

    We've now launched this ( and, I'm pleased to say, were able to incorporate your suggested metrics into our model and methodology (we're not quite able to make the donation though – yet!). The only exception is economic value, but that's because our approach is comparative and economic value is specific to each organization. It can easily be applied by each brand once they know it, which as you say, isn't that difficult.

    However, we have been able to link our measurement of social media performance to recognised measures of brand value and growth (which many organizations take very seriously), which should add further power to the social media investment argument.

    I'd be more than happy to explain our model and methodology further if you're interested.

    Niall Cook, Advisor and co-founder, Sociagility

  57. 107

    Excellent Article, Thank you very much :)

  58. 108

    Great post, as always !

    With Conversation Rate, have you considered posts initiated by the customers. These can be customer service, product info, feed back, sales enquiry, nevertheless real conversations and the brand engage in conversation.

    How would you measure Conversation rate in Twitter – any thoughts ?

  59. 110

    Hi Avinash,

    Nice post, but I have 2 questions:

    – Don't you believe that social media can generate marcro conversions as the arrow in the visual is only pointing to micro conversions?

    – Wouldn't it be better to show total value as well in the dashboard of Erik (instead of value per visit), especially when you want to show it to your boss.

    • 111

      Bart: Yes of course it is entirely possible. But in my humble experience (across B2B and B2C) those macro conversions are tiny in number and hence often "prove" that Social Media is not worth it. But here is the wonderful thing, you can see what it is for your business and decide what you want to do with it!

      The nature of the beast is such that it is people oriented so I like that it was showing value per visit (executives love that!), but it is prudent to also, as you suggest, show the total value.


  60. 112

    As someone that has been in Social Media for some time now but has needed a fresh perspective on measuring all of the different "levels", this was the best article ive ever read on the matter.

    Thank you!

  61. 113
    Page Sands says

    Avinash- I think you've done a nice job at identifying the metrics for those properties that brands control. How does your approach toward conversation, amplification, and applause apply for those properties that a brand does not control but are just as relevant to the bottom line?

    How do online communities play a role in the approach you describe above?


    • 114

      Page: Owned property (on a company's own blog or Twitter channel or Google+ or self hosted online forum) metrics are clear. Use the four in the post.

      For non-owned (others writing about the company on their own forums or websites or Facebook channel etc) I think things are a lot muddier. You (or I or P&G or Expedia) are not the center or attention or core purpose of those online forums or other people's blogs or entities. On those scenarios I think we can use "bleeding edge but as yet of uncertain quality" methods like measuring prevalent sentiment or (worse!) mentions or (if things really blow up) Conversion Rate and Amplification etc to keep an eye on things until they die down.

      A possible example for "unowned properties" could be using something like Social Mention. Here's my report (keep an eye out on the stuff in the left nav): or Omniture:

      The key difference is also the pro-activeness and re-activeness of actions we'll take on the data. That will strongly influence what we measure.


  62. 115
    Doug Kolmar says

    Hi folks – in the process of impementing a similar dashboard have found 2 approaches to tracking Favorited Tweets.

    1) Make sure you have set your Twitter notification settings to send you an e-mail when someone favorites one of your tweets. Filter and save those messages in a folder until you are ready to populate your scoring sheet.

    2) Try this site it's designed to let you find the people that favorited and retweeted your posts but can also provide a way to find out which tweets were favorited after the fact.

  63. 116

    Regarding Amplification on Twitter – I have a slightly extended approach.

    If I share a post, and you retweet me then I consider that you are trying to influence your audience to read my post. When, your followers (i.e. my 2nd level of followers) retweet the same post, that is when I say "you" are an amplifier.

    This is also important, when you see a pattern – few people will always retweet some posts. Does that mean, they are all important? It becomes important – when, the retweets indeed increase your reach. They can be just spammers, who have automated retweet based on name, or keyword. It starts making sense, when the same post gets retweeted by the 2nd, and 3rd level of followers.

    @akaushik: RT @amitapaul —> @akaushik is an Influencer
    (I will be ecstatic, if I get retweeted by @akaushik, btw)

    @2ndlevelfollower: RT @akaushik, @amitapaul –> Amplifier

    It also suggests of two of your followers who RT your messages equally, one of them gets listened to more by his/her followers, while the other doesn't. For, example if I look at above, I will say ok, if @akaushik RTs my post, it increases the reach.

    And, it is very easy to measure. I have built it in my SMM/Analytics product (ObjectiveMarketer), and is one of the very popular metrics used by my clients.

    • 117

      Amita: This might be a case of potato potata. : ) The spirit of the end goal we are trying to hit is the same, there is just a slight difference in perspective on the initial consideration.

      For now, to take your example, I would consider it to be "first level amplifier" and "second level amplifier."

      I've not thought about computing Influencer, because what does that really mean? And can quantitative data really measure something so qualitative? But I'm sure we will figure things out.


  64. 118

    I have been using qv source and qlikview to monitor and compare Facebook pages measuring likes posts and comments which then builds up sentiment for you and charts your competitors brands.

    Same is done for twitter measuring average sentiment for individual tweets or #hashtags and identifying brand advocates and brand damages.

    Very effective for tracking what people are saying about you or your competitors brands or service

  65. 119

    Mostly people think that social media is about updating social profiles – such people have no target; hence, their business marketing using social media fails.

    Another group of people do have social media marketing strategy but they don't know how to "use" it.

    Your post clarifies both beautifully. It is essential to have both the purpose of intent and the knowledge to utilize the outcome of that intent.

  66. 120

    Another great post Avinash!

    And I completly agree – we tend to focus too much on up front numbers like # of Fans, Followers, etc., without digging deeper to see if we're a) actually engaging & connecting with our community; b) helping the business.

    Thanks for another informative article!


  67. 121

    I love the thinking in this, but I am inspired by a different post of yours. It suggested a measurement framekwork for web analytics but I think the structure lends itself to social media and fills in some of the gaps I see here.

    You divided metrics into three buckets: acquisition, behaviour and conversion. What I see here is that you've identified metrics for behaviour and conversion, but you've ignored acquisition. I'm thinking that if acquisition relates to the total traffic to your website, and behaviour to the actions they take there, that in a social context, acquisition would be the total exposure to your content (number of fans/followers could be a useful proxy metric, though it should really be the true number of people who see your content (as measured by tools like

    Behaviour then covers interactions, clickthroughs and shares. Conversion is as you have outlined here: macro and micro conversions that are known to deliver business value.

    What do you think?

    • 122

      Briana: I'm glad that you love the Acquisition, Behavior, Outcomes framework. It is central to ensuring that as Marketers and Analysts we are looking at what drives end to end success.

      In this case you are absolutely right that my focus was profoundly on Behavior (what is happening in terms of us and our followers/likers/+1'ers) and Outcomes (on our social networks – increased reach et al – and our websites).

      My lack of Acquisition focus was because I don't think, at least for now, that a quest to "acquire more likes / followers" is optimal. If you exhibit the optimal behavior / deliver optimal value in social channels then acquisition happens organically. I did not want to compute likes/followers/fans simply to not incentivise that behavior.

      This might change over time. We'll see. :)

      Thank you so much for bringing up this important question.


  68. 123

    Avinash, hi,

    I was wondering if these metrics wouldn't give a more accurate picture if calculated on the basis on number of users reached instead.

    Indeed, if calculated based on number of posts, an increase in the number fans will automatically increase the number of likes, comments and shares.
    But do you really create more conversations, applause and amplification ? On absolute numbers, yes. But to know if your fans are changing their behavior with your page, you'd better measure these metrics based on the number of users reached (could be tricky on twitter, agreed. Easier on Facebook)

    Eager to know your opinion about this.

    • 124

      Steve: The goal for these metrics, per the post, is to not try and increase the number of fans or likes. We use both as diagnostic measures. It is of course entirely likely that using the metrics outlined in the post will increase fans/likes/etc.

      Reach is a complex metric in Social Media. We don't know how many people see their newsfeed / Twitter stream / Google+ home view. We have no idea if they read anything we write.

      We know we "reached" someone if they interacted with our social contribution in some way. So for now I prefer to keep the reach metric on the backburner.

      Though please do note that metric #2, Amplification Rate, is structured to increase the reach of your social contributions by helping you understand what spreads.


      • 125

        Thanks for your answer Avinash.
        Understood, these metrics are activity-tracking metrics.
        Facebook does provide the number of people who have seen your content in their news feed (or at least, the content has been shown on it).

        My point was that by calculating based on a per user reached basis, we could compare the evolution of these 3 metrics without the bias created by the page's growth.

        For example : My conversation rate was 2.7 comments per post in may. In June, it was 3.5.
        It seems fans are increasing their engagement with my content, no ?
        Not necessarily, if my fan page grew from 1000 fans to 10000 fans between May and June, and that my number of fans reached as changed from 500 to 10000, it may be the opposite. Users are engaging less with my content (on a per user reached base).

        Wondering if you find any flaw in my thought…

  69. 126

    Hi Avinash

    Great post as ever. Only just come to it. Two perspectives I would add (which may already be in the comments – I haven't read them all I'm afraid!):

    1. Different types of content will favour different metrics

    I guess my point is that you understand what you are trying to achieve and craft your content strategy accordingly. Broadly speaking:

    — News-y content is good for Amplification less good for Conversation or Applause
    — Highly opinionated linkbait type content is good for Conversation less good for amplification or applause
    — Tips/best practice type content is good for Applause and less good for amplification or conversation

    So are you trying to get traffic? Links? Improve SEO? Value or volume? Most sites wants a combination. But it means your content strategy should probably consider all three metrics slightly differently.

    2. *Who* is doing the conversing, applauding, amplifying?

    Currently social media often relies on count values / popularity. Which isn't the same as credibility/authority/value. So in an ideal world all your metrics need to be viewed in the light of who is doing the conversing, amplifying, applauding. As a broad example if you look at the kinds of comments (conversing) you get these days on a Huffington Post, or a Mashable or Techcrunch even, then I'm afraid their lack of quality switches me off. So they score well on your metrics but, arguably, damage the brand. Whereas the comments on your site (or, dare I say it, Econsultancy's) may score less well for your metrics, I think they represent much better quality.

    • 127

      Ashley: It is always delightful to have your perspective, thanks so much for sharing it.

      My post is very heavily influenced by what brands and people who are brands should consider an optimal approaching to doing the right things right.

      You are absolutely right that linkbaiters and newsy content types might go for a slightly different emphasis for one metric over another. In the end though they have to figure out how to deliver on economic value, if they don't no amount of link baiting and amplification will save their business/site/brand.

      Hence trying to solve for all four works optimally over the long run. In the techcrunch, huffpo cases (I'm with you on both) huge conversation, low economic value (hopefully!) and life will be fair. And Econsultancy will win big! :)

      I'll keep the thought of credibility/authority/value in mind to see if I can evolve this framework over time.


  70. 128

    Great post Avinash! I just derive so much value from your approach. Thank you. A possible contender for measuring conversation across many different platforms is

    It includes Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Google Analytics, WordPress, and a whole slew of others. It gives overall measures for engagement, reach etc. but doesn't let you do much drilldown within the app, which is a pity. It does let you export data to CSV but that data doesn't have links or the text of individual content – so if you want to find out which tweet got RTed the most, you have to find the date in the CSV and then find it on

    Apart from that (pretty significant) shortcoming, it's a good indication of overall health over several platforms. Good for time-challenged people who don't care so much about actionability of insights (e.g. someone who creates and responds in real time, intuitively, but needs some documentation to show a manager or client).

  71. 129
    Rainbow Milly says

    Great post Avinash, really helpful as we try and align digital metrics with organisational ones.

    TrueSocialMetrics seems to be an amazing present, much better than a spreadsheet! Thanks

  72. 130

    When calculating “applause rate” (likes/post), should we be counting every like, of every post?

    For example, if you have ten posts and each of those posts gets liked once, then you would have a 100% applause rate, indicating that people like all of this content.

    Now, say you have another ten posts, and nine of those don’t get liked, but one of them gets liked ten times. This also gives you a 100% applause rate, despite 90% of those items not really doing much for engagement; in this case would it be more accurate to count one of those ten posts, and say it had a 10% applause rate?

    • 131

      As I understand it, "applause rate" is the amount of likes (or favorites) compared to the total number of views of the post.

    • 132

      Sam: My summary definition of Applause Rate is:

      # of “Positive Clicks” Per Social Contribution

      The "positive clicks" will be Likes on Facebook, Favorites on Twitter, +1's on Google+ etc etc.

      So we are trying to understand is how many positive clicks we can get on each social contribution (tweet, post, etc). You'll get an "average number of positive clicks per social contribution" which will give you essentially a benchmark you can use to judge which types of social contributions you should do more of (in your case the one with the 10 likes) and which types you should do less of (the ones with zero likes).

      I worry less about the number, and more about how we'll use it. :)

      I hope this helps.


  73. 133

    Conversation, amplification, applause, and how each social media channel contribute to the business bottom-line are insightful metrics. I learned about tools and ways to measure from this conversation.

    I want to bring up softer side to this…

    I have seen and read over and over again that end of the day quality of the content matters… Are you answering a question? Are you making prospect's/customer's life easier with the content? Is the content making a positive difference to the friends and followers? And it all makes sense to me.

    My Q – please can you share good examples of content usage over social media channels for …

    1. Manufacturing companies trying to promote their products?
    2. Brand credibility initiatives – where objective is to build awareness?



    • 134

      Deven: I'm glad you found the post to be of value.

      You bring up a wonderful point about the quality of engagement. Amplification and Applause both try to get to the quality of engagement with the hypothesis that if you are not contributing something of value then neither metric will look great.

      It would be wonderful to build on top of Conversation Rate and get a qualitative feel for the type of the conversation and not just the quantity of it. Something like what SocialMention does when it classifies things into positive, neutral and negative. For now that classification (in any tool) is simply not good enough. But it will get there.

      To your questions….

      #1. I would postulate that "promoting their products" can't be the goal of social media. That will most certainly not lead to a valuable social media presence. Flip to creating value for the world, promoting product is a by product that might happen if you make your social contacts life a little better.

      #2. For all the flack it got I think BP did a great job with social media when the unfortunate gulf disaster struck. They used search and social to get their voice out there. On the social channels they tried to be as human as they could be (given legal and other constraints), and it as a good effort. Take a look at what small companies are doing, like Seventh Generation and Songza etc.


      • 135

        Hi Avinash:

        Thank you for your reply. I will look at BP, Seventh Generation and Songza.

        Let me rephrase my Q # 1 – Can you share with me examples of products manufacturing companies that have done nice job in your opinion in using the social media channels – for answering questions, serving customers, explaining how to solve problems …etc?


  74. 137

    Nice article Avinash!

    I didn't knew about these things earlier and didn't have any knowledge how to measure the social media.

    Thanks for the post.

  75. 138

    Hi Avinash,

    I know it's a while since you first published this, but in my earlier comments I was talking about how we used to measure activity, engagement, reach and network size. I've now developed a social media metrics dashboard free to download here:

    It doesn't try to assign a monetary value but rather focus on producing "better" content.

    Br, Joakim

  76. 139
    John Barton says

    Really like your concept of Conversation Rate.

    I would add that an important piece of engaging in conversations are made up of a series of interactions over time. It can take a while for conversations to unfold. It can takes days and months, even years for conversations to develop.

    Thanks for the post!

  77. 140

    Wow – I have been learning from your blog over the past 4 months and feel like I have a solid analytic strategy primarily based on the knowledge you have shared through your blog on this topic.

    You are moving this field forward in leaps and bounds.

  78. 141

    So this True Social Metrics thing seems to be all you need for what Avinash Kaushik is talking about. Am I missing something?

    Here is the link to the tool Mr. Kaushik provided:

  79. 142

    The Social Media world is still quite new to me and I realize that the more I learn, the more I have to learn. Having said that, I am embracing it all. In my current Social Media Metrics course at a University we were introduced to your measurement tool and it resonated with me.

    Social Media is clearly not an exact science and keeps evolving, but it's clear that measurement tools need to evolve as well in order to make it a viable business proposition and in order to remain relevant. It's up to us to educate businesses, set expectations, and articulate / manipulate (in an honest and "reasonable" way) the tools that we have at our disposal to best meet the needs of the individual businesses. That is both the beauty and the challenge for social media.

    I appreciate having a tool like this that can help me explain to businesses the value of social media. I haven't been quite certain up until now how to even remotely correlate numbers to actions. This is a good start. Thanks.

  80. 143

    How can I measure economic value of a brand without e-commerce such as luxury brands Chanel or Louis Vuitton?

    • 144

      Jessica: First identify the macro and micro conversions.

      Then identify the value of the easiest micro conversions. For Chanel this is the ecommerce outcomes, the value of the videos, offline referrals etc.

      Now you have some basic numbers to go with.

      Then identify the value of the harder micro conversions, and then you'll have the complete economic value.

      Here's my blog post, with some examples like Victoria Secret, of how to compute economic value:

      ~ Excellent Analytics Tips #19: Identify Website Goal [Economic] Values


  81. 145
    jose leite says


    Thanks a lot Avinash

  82. 146

    At the end of the day, the economic value of a social media presence is as much about getting known and having a good solid reputation.

  83. 147

    Interesting article.

    Is there a way to compare brands with these metrics? I mean, if Brand A (with 20.000 FB fans) has a conversation rate of 2, and Brand B (with 1000 FB Fans) also has a conversation rate of 2 which brand is better? is there any kind of scale?


    • 148

      Alejandro: You can try to normalize the numbers by creating a percentage. "For xx,xxx fans what % engage with a post on average." That takes care of the size issue.

      My only caveat is that I try to be careful with large sizes. So it is easy for me at 15k Likes to get 80% conversation rate but for a company with 15 million Likes they might only get 50% and that is ok.

      If you want to play with a tool, checkout


      • 149

        Thanks! Rather than normalize, I'll just present the data within the "number of fans/followers" context, I think it'll be more easy for the clients to understand. Regarding your link, I appreciate that info, I've tested it and find it very useful.

  84. 150

    That's a great comparison Avinash. Loved the article.

    The nitty-gritty of the campaigns seems to indeed matter at the end !!

  85. 151

    Hi Avinash,

    I just tried out your metrics for Twitter and Facebook. I'm confused about what counts as a "comment" for Twitter. Is that a "mention?" Facebook is straightforward. Retweets and favorites are the most concrete to measure, but comments could be subjective. How should I proceed?

    Thanks for your help!

  86. 154

    Hi Avanish,

    I appreciate there are a lot of comments before this that i have no read. I would however like to "applause" you, sorry couldn't resist what is already an over used pun.

    Even though this blog post is two years old it is clear that the metrics you discuss are still highly relevant to understanding your business impact on social media and the amplification of these activities.

  87. 155

    Terrific Post Avinash, but I would really appreciate if you could elaborate how you arrive at the figures for the Economic Value.

    Thanks for this wonderful content.

  88. 157
    Chloe Gray says

    Great post Avinash! Where can I learn how to set up the Google Analytics table measuring macro and micro conversions?

    – Chloe

  89. 159

    Hey Avinash,

    I was revisiting this post (always a go-to for when your social strategy needs to refocus) and I've got an update for #3. Twitter (finally) released their analytics last week, so now we've got a way to measure a tweet's amplification within the social service!

  90. 160

    Great blog post!! All this fab info will help me out a lot, thanks for sharing!

    Also, had a look at "True Social Metrics" – looks awesome and can't wait to try it out and let you know how it's worked for me.

    Alex :)

  91. 161
    Roushan kumar says

    Great measurement.

    I am amazed how you have put the things in nice & precise way. And i definitely think it will help in re-designing the Marketing Strategy.

    I am a marketing student & was advised by my professor to read this article .

  92. 162
    Alistair McDonald says

    This post remains a great resource, thanks Avinash.

    Some people might be interested to know that I’ve written some code in Google Apps Script (for use with a Google Docs Spreadsheet) to automate the process of fetching, calculating and displaying these metrics from Facebook, Twitter and Google Analytics.

    It’s open sourced and available under the MIT License at:

    NB: As I’m primarily a marketer, not a programmer, I’m sure there’s plenty of scope for improvement to the code – hence the source being opened up to the community.

  93. 163

    Hello Avinash Kaushik.

    I created a spreadsheet with your stats for multiple social sites, across the board with grand totals. After reading your article, I noticed your invitation to submit our creations on combining everything.

    Here it is:

    Direct Download of File: (PLEASE download to your computer. This file is on my WordPress server)

    Spreadsheet post on my blog:

    (I made some of my own additions to the spreadsheet and asking for a cheap payment to buy them. To help my website/social media venture. Is that OK?)


  94. 164

    Amazing site, an incredible study. I can stay in this article for hours

  95. 165
    Joesy Marry says

    I feel key metric is engagement as a percentage of reach – I think where Facebook is concerned it is important to take into account your reach when measuring the 'success' of a post, as this gives you the true perceived value of a piece of content, regardless of how many people Facebook has allowed it to reach organically.

  96. 166


    I was reading this post and I have a doubt. How can I define the money value of a micro conversion? Should I just set a value?

    I love your posts, thank your for the attention.

  97. 168

    Nice post.

    I just want to know if i create score card and i should measure my performance in below form – Very bad, bad, Avg, Good, Very good.

    How should i categorized all 5 above points ?

    • 169

      Nitish: You could do that.

      You could also simply benchmark your performance against your past performance or current performance of your competitors.

      Or use True Social Metrics, where you can get industry standards.


    • 170

      Hey Avinash!

      Well Really an informative article Man. I have a question: What is more effective Social Media Marketing Or Search Engine Marketing (SEO)?

      As I read your posts and conversation I think you answered it well.

      Thanks & Wish you A very Happy New Year.

      Regards Leonard

      • 171

        Leonard: I'm afraid that is a little like asking if Oranges are better or Agave. But have their unique uses, it really depends on if you want to make orange juice or tequila. :)

        Perhaps, it will be helpful for you to think about his using my See-Think-Do-Care Business Framework.

        SEO is great for Think and Do. SMM is good at See.

        If you company has a great Care content strategy, both can be pretty good at Care (though SMM a bit better than SEO).


  98. 172

    Great Post! Very detailed and informative, thanks for writing such a good post.

    Keep up the work!

  99. 173
    Vaishnavi says

    Thank you for the wonderful post.

    I am not sure if I missed this in the article/blog, but was just wondering how to evaluate your competitors effectively on Social Media. Which metric would you suggest is a good benchmark against your competitor.

    Is it the amplification rate and audience growth or is there any other metric that we should watch out for.

  100. 175

    To increase the strength of your content, you need to “amplify” it. What does that mean?

    According to Avinash Kaushik, amplification is the rate at which your followers take your content and share it through their network.

  101. 176


    Currently, I am writing a social media marketing plan. I also have to describe how the ROI can be calculated. Therefore I am very pleased with this method so I can apply it. I just do not really understand how you calculated the economic value. Or how do I have to get it.

    It is also a company that is active on social media, only no interaction or engagement at all. Am I supposed to compare the results to previous performances, competitors or the standard? And why?

    – Gien

  102. 178

    Hi Avinash,

    More and more people use their social media channels as a source of revenue by itself (e.g.

    The first three KPI's in your framework work perfectly for measuring such kind of a business (what works well and don't for my audience).

    However, the Economic Value seems more complicated here… You are not trying to send your followers towards an owned medium. Most of the times you're not even sending them anywhere. You just give exposure to a certain brand.

    How would you suggest measuring that Economic Value in such business models?

    – If you are referring to a third party website, you could agree with that party to use certain UTM tagging (or an affiliate link). That way, at least they can follow up what traffic and revenue you're driving with your posts. However, it doesn't give you any data to learn what types of content/posts/products work to create direct response reactions and which don't. Which could be a very valuable insight towards future advertising clients…

    – When you can't use a link (which is the case on Instagram), you're completely in the dark.

    – Another way to approach the Economic value could be to only consider your own income (not the ROI you're generating for advertisers) and calculate the net value of a new follower by dividing you're income by the total amount of followers. I suggest followers as advertising rates often depend on this (the old-school marketing way…).

    Would love to hear your point of view on this Avinash!

    • 179

      Jente: My sincerest apologies for the delay in replying to your kind comment.

      One simple approach you could take is to measure metrics like Brand Favourability Ratings, Likelihood to Recommend, or even the very obvious Brand Awareness and their ilk. These things as you know have value. You can use primary or secondary research methods to measure these metrics (if you do advertising on YouTube, ask your YouTube account manager how they can measure this for you).

      If there are links involved, you can measure Assisted Conversions at least (ideally via item tagged links, if not via referring URLs where available).

      Your last idea is also a good one. Takes a small amount of pain, but totally worth it.

      PS: Here's a post on measure economic value: Identify Website Goal [Economic] Values

  103. 180

    Wow – you blew my mind again.

    I am already rewriting the social media material for my trainees and throw these KPIs in our meetings. This is awesome man!


    • 181

      It's interesting to see an article online for so long and to find that it is still relevant today and still has people commenting. Over 5 years of responses on this single page made for an interesting read. Great work Avinash.

  104. 183

    Thanks for such a great post, it blew my mind.

    I was not thinking about the points shared by you as well as by Avinash.

    A sound conversation with a great knowledge. Thank you.

  105. 184

    Dear Avinash,

    You wrote above the following, a couple of years ago: "…..Oh, I totally forgot to say this…. the advice in this blog post is only for businesses and brands that participate in social media. Businesses as in Red Bull and T-Mobile and Johnson & Johnson. Brands (all of the aforementioned plus…) as in Mitch Joel and Stephen Colbert and Nancy Pelosi. If you don't fall into those two categories then this social media measurement framework might not apply to you…"

    SO, Some post(s) you can recommend for us, marketers in small & medium enterprises selling B2B in niche markets ? I am per example marketing furniture and equipment for hospitals….

    I thank you in advance…

  106. 185

    Hi Avinash,

    Really fantastic post, I have been using this framework in discussions about social performance for years. I really enjoy the True Social Metrics tool as a means for comparing a competitive set based on these metrics.

    My management team has approached me asking if we can provide a formula for scoring social posts and as a monthly KPI that uses different weights based on the business value of likes, comments and shares.

    My initial thought is that a calculation for this type of compound metric would not be ideal for getting the best insight per your article here:

    Would you agree? Any other thoughts on this subject? Your input would be greatly appreciated!

    Thank you,


  107. 186
    Rolando Tellez says

    Great insight to do better in the social networks.

  108. 187

    Nice post, Avinash. Although the post has been there for quite sometime, most important it covered most important points here.

    Social media is the direct line of communication for customers and their brand. Content is important piece if information to entertain the community, company news and updates, but without that support, marketing messages feel disingenuous.

  109. 188

    "The biggest brands in the world embarrass themselves every day on social media"

    I couldn't agree more, the market share for the biggest corporations are slowly dwindling because they fail to connect with their consumers on a more personal level.

    YouTube, Facebook, Instagram is filling that void right now and they better smarten up. Personal brands are huge and making massive profits right now, thanks to mostly Youtube and Instagram. We are really crushing it for our clients with Instagram advertising right now.

  110. 189
    Mark Elder says

    Hi Avinash,

    I am a big fan of your blog. I had read many of your great articles and learn great techniques and methods to do proper research.

    This post was above and beyond in so many ways. The information is invaluable, and all case studies are very inspiring.

    Thank you.

  111. 190

    Hi Avinash

    Probably you have got this q before but pls excuse me if I am asking again.

    The q is that do you still think your measurement framework for FB is valid given the fact FB allows you to optimize for different purpose for e.g. reach & frequency, engagement, clicks to website etc

  112. 192

    This is Powerful Stuf! Timeless classic that will always be relevant in executing a robust digital marketing strategy.

    Every SEO specialist and digital marketer can get so much out of this one post alone. I have printed copies of this hanging on my wall and come back to it from time to time!

    Love the cute toddler to Adult ninja analogy as well!

    Using data to make and facilitate good decision making that yields awesome results is the stuff of dreams for any business professional really -but more so for the digital marketers. This great educational piece provides the right context to do just that!

    There really are too many choices out there where every social media is fighting for your dollar and many of them having minimal effect on the business at the end of the day. The "impressions" do not mean much if the conversion is uber low and the conversion value is in the single to low double digits.

    Thanks again!

  113. 193
    Brand Design DK says

    Great post Avinash, really helpful for a newbie as me.

    I have shared your article in my Danish network.

    Thanks for making things clear and thanks for sharing.

  114. 194

    Which is the best amplification rate?

    • 195

      Gabriela: Since computation of Amplification rate is pretty from public data, my recommendation is to look at the accounts of your industry's leaders (who do social well) and use their number as a benchmark.

      Obviously, you can also index against your past performance and create a goal for yourself.


  115. 196
    Jacobs Rinswer says

    Despite being crucial to success, many brands still fail to leverage social media analysis by using only native tools and analyzing each channel individually, A.K.A, the bare minimum.

    This is a huge loss of key data points and other social media insights that brands could discover with the help of analytics.

  116. 197
    Priya Sharma says

    Hello Avinash, Thank you for your descriptive guide. I have come across your blog and realized that i need to measure social media success as well and how much it is important.


  1. […]
    However, these simple measures whilst useful ignore the power of the social media, its capacity to amplify a message, so a set of measures around the degree to which the message is “amplified” should be considered. The number of “likes”, comments, retweets, and similar measures of activity that “amplifies” a post are the real measure of social media effectiveness. This post by Avinash Kaushik, Google’s analytics guru offers some great thinking.

  2. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value – Breaks down some metrics to consider for your social efforts.

  3. […]
    Ted Fickes offered a shoutout on Twitter to Avinash Kaushik most recent blog post.

    The always thoughtful and inspiring, Avinash Kaushik, suggests that there four social media metrics that we should focus on measuring across channels.

  4. […]
    See the comments following this post by Avinash for a good example. Speculation is fine, but the confidence being expressed that a new tool or method will uncover a treasure trove of social media value seems un-scientific (as in scientific method) at best. I don’t doubt there is some value in social media beyond what can be measured, as this has been the case for all marketing since marketing measurement began. These measurement problems are not new to social either: Marketing value created is often situational, it depends on the business model and environment. What works in one situation may not work in another.

  5. […]
    The answer may also be yes. Read Avinash Kaushik’s article Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value, in which he proposes a measurement framework that would indicate if business is participating in social media in an optimal fashion. He states that it is not how many friends, followers or subscribers that a business has, nor is it the amount of posts or tweets – it’s everything that happens after all of that, that is important.

  6. […]
    Sedan allt fler företag investerar i sociala medier finns många konkurrerande mätpunkter, alla med sina egna för- och nackdelar. (Net Promoter Score, Klout Score, Omnämningar, Sentiment, Del av konversation, etc.) Avinash Kaushik rekommenderar här sina fyra favorit-metrics för att mäta resultatet av sociala medier.

    Eftersom de fyra mätpunkterna är intressanta och användbara har vi gjort en sammanfattning på svenska.

  7. […]
    In addition to being one of Google’s masters of awesome, Avinash blogs about analytics and digital marketing at Occam’s Razor. Visit Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value for his kick ass blog post that lends far greater detail and explanation of these four metrics.

  8. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value
    Avinash Kaushik proposes a framework for measuring social media using four distinct metrics, independent of the social channel being used. These include: conversation rate, amplification rate, applause rate, and economic value.

  9. […]
    In this utterly awesome post from Avinash “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause and Economic value“, he highlights problems with many of the current social media analytics tools and where they are currently lacking. The following are some tools you can check out that may do a little or a lot of what Avinash speaks on in that post.

  10. […]
    Avinash brings to the table a framework with which to measure your success in leveraging social media channels. In a recent post at his web analytics blog, the guru points out that we may all be looking at the wrong things when it comes to monitoring social media marketing effectiveness.

  11. […]
    “If you only measure clicks, page views, visits, video views, touches, emails and number of reports you are SUPER lame” – Avinash Kaushik, Google’s Digital Marketing Evangelist, author and MIMA morning keynote. Check out this blog post on Avinash’s blog explaining social media metrics that are not “super lame” – conversation rate, amplification rate, applause rate and economic value.

  12. […]
    Analytics makes sense of the tracking information collected. A is also for actions, the specific things social media participants do as a result of your social media marketing. (Understand there are actions associated with video and audio players so, by their nature, they appear more engaging.) It’s also for amplification rate (hat tip to Avinash Kaushik ) the extended reach due to sharing by your followers and fans.

  13. […]
    @avinashkaushik: Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value

  14. […]
    To that end, if you are measuring your marketing you’ve probably heard of Avinash Kaushik and his blog, Occam’s Razor. Avinash is a constant source of great insight into the world of measurement and his newest post on Conversation, Amplification, Applause, and Economic Value described four of the best metrics you should be tracking in the vast world of social media marketing.

  15. […]
    Existen numerosos enfoques para poder analizar el rendimiento de los esfuerzos de las compañías en social media. Algunos de ellos los hemos ya comentado en un post “La información es el nuevo petróleo”. Ahora, el guru de la analítica web, Avinash Kaushik, presenta su visión de las métricas para el análisis de las campañas en social media. El artículo “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value” de verdad no nos cuenta nada nuevo; pero sí que amplifica los conceptos de dichas métricas y da ejemplos y consejos sobre que hay que hacer con ellas y como interpretarlas.

  16. […]
    Siguiendo con Social Media y con los gurús (no te enfades, Tristan, que te pongo con los buenos ) En el blog de Avinash leemos un post que nos habla de las mejores métricas para que el Social media pueda demostrar su ROI: conversación, amplificación, aplauso y valor económico.

  17. […]
    However, marketers need to provide leadership within their organizations, to educate peers and to make the case for increased investment in people to allow for a meaningful program that connects to an ROI plan that makes sense at multiple levels of goals and measurement. If you have read this far then consider also reading the latest post on metrics from Avinash Kaushik. I don’t read many blog posts that are long-form. But I do read posts by Avinash in full, despite their length. He challenges the nonsense of measuring the wrong things and provides some very real food for thought on how you should design your measurement program. It is not easy, but it is important.

  18. […]
    Eugenia y Lorena nos dejan un post del gurú de la analítica web por excelencia, Avinash Kaushik, donde nos explica qué métricas debemos tener en cuenta para la medición en social media . Una auténtica master class que no deberíais dejar de leer.

  19. […]
    In a recent post high priest of web measurement, Avinash Kaushik, suggests that we look to try to measure four core metrics that will help tell us how we’re doing with our social media efforts:
    1. Conversation – the rate at which people respond
    2. Amplification – the distance those discussions travel
    3. Applause – Electronic approval such as Likes, +1s etc
    4. Economic Value – Amount of money your efforts actually generate
    This is a useful, if not entirely revolutionary, packaging of some ideas that quite a few folk in the world of social media marketing have been working with for some time now. Notice how the word ‘Engagement’ does not feature at all here? Notice how it does appear in almost every social media brief that’s ever been written?

  20. […] Avinash Kaushik's taken a look at social media measurement […]

  21. […]
    Avinash Kaushik in his post about the best social media metrics. We should note here that what we refer to as retweet rate is roughly the same as what Avinash calls amplification. We obviously believe this is a very important measure or we wouldn’t have included it.

  22. […]
    For additional questions about topics from this presentation I’d like to recommend: Best Social Media Metrics – Avinash Kaushik Google Analytics Training Videos

  23. […]
    But it’s not enough to simply be “out there.” If you’re not realizing substantial returns that justify the effort, why do it? How is social media any different than any other form of marketing or engagement investment? There’s an entire cottage industry sprung up around the simple act of extracting measurements from SMM, with consultants playing out methodologies like this or this for attacking the issue.

  24. […]
    Avinash Kaushik has posted a great article on the fundamentals of measuring social media for business, and it complements our own recent rant about the need to think ahead about what your social media program should be out to achieve, and how you should measure that effort.

  25. […]
    Avanash Kaushik says no. What in fact matters is what happens AFTER you post, tweet or participate. In short, the measure of success should be whether or not your participation drove action.

    In his blog, Kaushik proposes four distinct social media metrics that should be used as metrics of success across any SM platform. Find the full article here:

  26. […]
    How can you measure if your strategies have been successful?

    According to Avinash Kaushik in his blog Occam’s Razor, there are 4 measurements to determine online marketing success:

  27. […] Occam’s Razor- Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value This entry was posted in Uncategorized by Matthew Pattinson. Bookmark the permalink. […]

  28. […]
    Many social media marketers skimp the details when discussing metrics. Not Shih. Her talk urged marketers to “learn and live the new social metrics,” and in her blog post on “7 Habits of Highly Successful Social Marketers” she endorses the “four measurable social media metrics” recently outlined by analytics guru Avinash Kaushik:

  29. […]
    Por su parte, uno de los más reputados expertos en Analítica Web, Avinash Kaushik, señala en su excelente artículo Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value los siguientes indicadores:

  30. […]
    Before getting caught up in the fire hose of social media metrics, again, make sure you first established clear goals and desired outcomes. (As mentioned earlier using the “Goals to Outcomes” worksheet.) Map these to your business bottom-line. What you truly need to measure will reveal itself.

    I have found the following blog post from the well respected web analytics guru, Avinash Kaushik, to be a great place to provide perspective on how you should approach measuring your Social Media efforts: Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value

  31. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics by Avinash Kaushik
    I could have put a lot more of Avinash’s work on this list, but this one stood out for me and talked about a topic in a very clear and actionable way. The key thing for me was how Avinash related social media metrics back to more real life metrics that non-SEOs can relate to.

  32. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value – By Avinash Kaushik

  33. […]
    Avinash Kaushik presents a useful and insightful guideline of four metrics that can help your organization manage and develop online interaction with its clients, donors, and constituents. We want to introduce them here.

  34. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics by Avinash Kaushik
    I could have put a lot more of Avinash’s work on this list, but this one stood out for me and talked about a topic in a very clear and actionable way. The key thing for me was how Avinash related social media metrics back to more real life metrics that non-SEOs can relate to.
    If you follow the steps, you can end up with something like this –

  35. […]
    Find ways to measure participation. In his post titled “Best Social Media Metrics”, analytics guru Avinash Kaushik proposes several ways to measure not just the quantity of followers, but also the rate of interactions and activities on social media sites. He identifies three participation concepts to quantify:

  36. […]
    Social Signals and ROI Measurement
    Measuring the true ROI of social activity is the new holy grail for inbound marketing software companies. The BIG debate really began…

  37. […]
    Establish your true worth: It’s easy to copy/paste posts off other sites or get guest bloggers to write for you. But if you are going to establish yourself as an authority in your field, you really need to know your stuff. So go the extra mile and spend some time researching and writing detailed posts.
    I’ve come across plenty of ads where the client asks the writer to complete 2-3 blog posts per hour. But check with any writer worth his salt on how long it really takes, and you’ll get answers ranging from one hour to three hours per post. Some long posts like the ones Avinash Kaushik frequently writes probably takes even longer.

  38. […]
    Just like we had to “invent” clickthrough rate and CPC a decade ago in the Google era, we have to come up with new metrics for the Facebook era. It’s meaningless to just measure engagement—number of likes, comments, posts, tweets—unless you can tie it all to the bottom line. We’re not just stumbling in the dark, though. Avinash Kaushik, the Digital Marketing Evangelist for Google, recently outlined four distinct, four distinct, measurable social media metrics for CMOs to use:

  39. […]
    Social media isn’t just about presence and engagement anymore. The tools are rising to the challenge issued by marketers and our ability to track actions across networks gives us more data than ever. We’re understanding the need to create social media specific metrics like amplification and applause and we’re finally getting companies to look at business goals and figure out how social media can be used to address them.

  40. […]
    Ultimately, whatever metrics you choose to measure comes down to what’s important to you. Increasing the number of visitors is a good thing; so is getting them to stay on your site longer, view more pages and provide comments or other feedback. And as they spread the word within their other social networks, the growth in your exposure can be exponential.
    As blogger/analytics evangelist Avinash Kaushik, says:

  41. […]
    Not a new article but one I discovered this week, this brilliant post on measuring social media, the metrics you need to measure and how to collate them. It even includes a handy download to simplify the process.
    A great start to understanding measurement although it lacks a focus on ROI (return on investment) it does give you the tools to measure the virility of your campaign

  42. […]
    What should you measure instead of focusing entirely on your number of social media followers? Your organizations’ conversation rate, amplification rate and applause rate are good places to start. The whole point of collecting social media followers is to get them to do something.

  43. […]
    The tools are rising to the challenge issued by marketers and our ability to track actions across networks gives us more data than ever. We’re understanding the need to create social media specific metrics like amplification and applause and we’re finally getting companies to look at business goals and figure out how social media can be used to address them.
    This makes it easier than ever for companies to carve out dollars for social media. It was one thing to say “we need to try this.” It’s an entirely different thing to say “we need to accomplish X and we have Y dollars to do it. Can you make this work?” Companies that embrace social media from the latter perspective will see far more success.

  44. […]
    Sally’s applause rate (e.g. Facebook Likes) to quantify gains in brand equity on Harry’s marketing dashboard.
    Sally’s amplification rate (e.g. Twitter Retweets) to manage media expectations on Harry’s CXO dashboard.

  45. […]
    Social media isn't just about presence and engagement anymore. The tools are rising to the challenge issued by marketers and our ability to track actions across networks gives us more data than ever. We're understanding the need to create social media specific metrics like amplification and applause and we're finally getting companies to look at business goals and figure out how social media can be used to address them.
    This makes it easier than ever for companies to carve out dollars for social media. It was one thing to say "we need to try this." It's an entirely different thing to say "we need to accomplish X and we have Y dollars to do it. Can you make this work?" Companies that embrace social media from the latter perspective will see far more success.

  46. […]
    3rd: Measure success and optimize for the future
    Your content has been planned, and executed. Now it’s time to take a look back and see how you did. Key things to measure:

  47. […]
    Neben der zitierten Facebook-Hilfe habe ich den offiziellen Facebook-Guide genutzt. Für den nächsten Teil des Guide bildet ein Blog-Beitrag von Aviansh Kaushik eine wichtige Grundlage.

  48. […]
    So, before you spend between $50 and $1,200 bucks a month for a tracking system that may well drown you in a sea of meaningless data, determine exactly what you want to track and why. The numbers you’re monitoring should be tied to the organizational and social media goals that will help you move forward. In his brilliant blog post, Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value, Web analytics authority Avinash Kaushik talks about how quickly businesses get sidetracked by things that don’t matter with social media. Instead, track just a few simple metrics each week or month that are indicative of success (or failure), such as:

  49. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value.

  50. […]
    Establishing a social media plan without monitoring and quantifying the success is useless. Identify your best social media metrics and find the right tools that will help you keep track of what you want to be measured.

  51. […]
    Avniash Kaushik breekt een van zijn ongeschreven regels: hij schrijft alleen over zaken die daadwerkelijk kunnen worden gemeten. Social media is namelijk moeilijk te meten en toch schrijft hijeen artikel over social media metrics (Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value).

  52. […]
    In his brilliant blog post, Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value, Web analytics authority Avinash Kaushik talks about how quickly businesses get sidetracked by things that don’t matter with social media. Instead, track just a few simple metrics each week or month that are indicative of success (or failure), such as:

  53. […]
    Neben der zitierten Facebook-Hilfe habe ich den offiziellen Facebook-Guide genutzt. Diesen gibt es mittlerweile auch in deutscher Sprache. Für den nächsten Teil des Guide bildet ein Blog-Beitrag von Aviansh Kaushik eine wichtige Grundlage.

  54. […]
    Are users sharing your Facebook posts? Are they Retweeting your Tweets? Web analytics guru Avinash Kaushik calls this amplification —the rate at which your followers take your content and share it through their own network. Review the type of content that’s prompting these shares to find similar threads. The key word here is similar, and that might even be too strong. You always want to create original, meaningful content that keeps people interested.

  55. […]

    So give it a go if you don’t already have an account. And if you do, please comment here and BRAG about your score! What did you do to attain it? Who did you connect with that helped raise your score? And do tell us all, what are your impressions of this site? Here’s a link (embedded) if you want to read more from a different point of view regarding the use of amplification as a social media metric.

  56. […]
    Engagement rate (but read this article just out on why “engagement” is a lousy measure) (consider conversation rate, share rate, applause rate, people talking about this)

  57. […]
    1.1 Strategy for delivering quality content: We provide content that helps with effective social media measurement, so you know if your efforts affect your bottom line. If your managers care about that, we are the blog to watch. For example, Avinash Kaushik only posts once a month, but it’s always relevant for measurement types – a must-read.

  58. […]
    TrueSocialMetrics does more that just analyze your Twitter metrics. This tool appears to have been inspired by a blog post from Google Analytics guru, Avinash Kaushik, Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value. In his post Avinash argues that simple counting metrics which are still popular today do not tell us what actually matters in social media. Instead we should measure success using metrics that, “…actually measure if you are participating in the channel in an optimal fashion.”.

  59. […]
    There is no “one size fits all solution.” The best way to determine an individual optimization strategy for your organization is to simply test it yourself. Try out times and content and see what yields the highest amplification, conversation, and applause rates. Your own experience with your organization’s unique content will be most useful in determining this timeframe.

  60. […]
    1. Learn from what works. The only way to do this is to read voraciously. Read the mega posts from the experts who pour over every pixel, data point and new argument. A good start would be Avinash Kaushik and Olivier Blanchard.

  61. […]
    After ‘pages’ comes ‘conversions’ a tab that savvy marketers will love. This involves your social metrics with monetary values and conversion ratios. You’ll be able to see which sites have sent you customers, when and why. Best of all, they are sorted into easy to read categories. Clicks, assists and overall role of the social site in sales.

  62. […]
    What is it worth and can you make money from it? You’re going about this all wrong. You can’t put a price on social media, but you can look at metrics and engagement as a result of your online activities. This includes actions such as likes, comments and shares.

  63. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value
    Surfacing meaningful metrics to show impact, social media measurement requires a different lens. “Did you grab attention? Did you deliver delight?”

  64. […]
    Why did you come into publishing? Whatever your reasons, there are specific goals you, or your authors are trying to reach. While the bottom line is of course sales, expert analyst Avinash Kaushik has pointed out there's a range of other goals that contribute to your revenue. Simply put, these are micro and macro conversions which all have an economic value. While your core focus may always be a sale, there are other actions users can take, such as following an author on Twitter, subscribing to a newsletter, clicking a link leading to Amazon, that will generate revenue for you. Assign a calculated revenue amount to each action and you'll understand how much each completed goal brings to your bottom-line. Wondering how to assign the revenue amount? Well, now it would be helpful to hand over to Kaushik, who expertly handles this in his blog.

  65. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value

  66. […]
    It’s no different for book publishers or authors; you want to easily understand your progress, so you an evaluate whether it’s the correct digital stream for your book. Well, taking a cue from Avinash Kaushik, we’re going to show you how to easily benchmark your competitor’s engagement rates on Facebook – and your own. Here’s how:

  67. […]
    Social media voegt waarde toe aan jouw bedrijf (mits het goed wordt uitgevoerd natuurlijk). Aan jou de taak om dit in kaart te brengen. Niet alleen om de baas te overtuigen, maar ook om te bepalen welk social media kanaal het best scoort.
    Al enige tijd verkondigt Avinash Kaushik vier metrics om het succes van jouw social media inspanningen te meten: de conversatie-, versterkings- en applausratio en de economische waarde. Gemakkelijk, snel èn door iedereen toepasbaar!

  68. […]
    Few weeks ago, I have been questioned about my process & habits when confronted to analyse a social media campaign – a viral video campaign to be more specific. I never tried to put this out on a paper before, but here it is! Sure, I’m not the first to write about this as I found out when surfing. Here are 2 sources I found deeply interesting: Avinash post about social media metrics & the report from Web analytics demystified & Altimeter.
    And here is my framework, I followed my campaign analytics

  69. […] metrics guys get, so here's a post he wrote about social media metrics that might be relevant:…It's possible the below is applicable, if you're interested in measuring your value as a […]

  70. […]
    9) Occam’s Razor
    While link building is great, you need to be able to measure your impact and show it’s contribution to revenue. (This is where bigger budgets, bonuses, and promotions all come from.)

    Web measurement is a different, more analytical art than persuasion, Avinash’ blog make it fun. Definitely a must-read for anyone involved in online marketing today.
    Favorite Posts:
    Beginner’s Guide to Web Data Analysis
    Best Web Analytics 2.0 Tools: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Life Saving
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversion, Amplification, Applause, and Lifetime Value

  71. […]
    I love this post from Avinash – he gives some great ways of beginning to think about measurement. As I said I’d in my presentation I’d also encourage you to measure brand recognition / perception; traditional PR value; conversions; £££ saved in customer care call costs etc.

  72. […]
    Источник изображения
    Авинаш Кошик (Avinash Kaushik), всемирно известный специалист по интернет-аналитике и признанный эксперт по веб-маркетингу, в августе сего года выступил на проходившей в Сан-Франциско конференции SES (Search Engine Strategies) с основным докладом.
    Главный тезис доклада звучал так: успех в «цифровом маркетинге» – и, шире, практически в любой отрасли бизнеса в современном мире – зависит от понимания трех вещей:

  73. […]
    I really like the ability to calculate engagement scores based on a given formula. This helps to standardise the measurements that are being used in social media. We’re still in the early stages of establishing standard scores, so we still have a lot to learn in making sense of all the data that we get. That’s why it’s important to be able to work with a social media professional who can help to make sense of your organisation’s data for you. And, not just on a superficial level of likes, followers, and connections. One of the social media engagement metric models that I have taken an interest in is Avinash Kaushik’s model, which categorizes social media engagement as such:

  74. […]
    No discussion of social media ROI would be complete without mentioning Avinash Kaushik, Google guru and author of the blog Occams Razor. His many useful posts tell you which metrics are right for which circumstance. Two of my favorites are here and here … challenging reads, but a good way to start thinking about the metrics that matter.

  75. […]
    The next thing you can do to back up your whole approach is to promote any content or low key form of advertising for your campaign using your own social media account and start to grow your own following online. You can use the progress you have made online as a case study to present and it can work as evidence and set an example of the sort of success you can achieve. In due course, you can become much more sophisticated and show the value of social media through 4 key Social Media Metrics.

  76. […]
    Conversation Rate: Basically, Conversation rate is a very simple means of monitoring whether or not people are actually engaging with the content you’re sharing, one of four metrics proposed by Avinash Kaushik. All you have to do to figure out your conversation rate is look at the number of comments you’re receiving on each post you share on your social media site. If you’ve plenty of comments, then you’ve a high conversation rate.

  77. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value
    a framework you can use to measure success using metrics that matter for one simple reason: They actually measure if you are participating in the channel in an optimal fashion.

  78. […]
    It’s a very simple to use tool with an easy to use table interface that measures things that you can improve: conversation rate (comments per post), amplification rate (re-tweets per post), applause rate (favorites per post), and economic value (value per visitor). Oh did I mention it was also endorsed by Avinash?

  79. […]
    Avinash Kaushik has a gift for thinking up numbers that really matter to web and social media marketers, so much so that Google hired him as their Digital Marketing Evangelist. When it comes to Social Media, Kaushik will tell you that the big 4 numbers you want to know about are: Conversion Rate, Amplification Rate, Applause, and Economic Value. Do a little reading here, and then start setting up your accounts.

  80. […]
    3. Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value: In this article Avinash Kaushik author of Web Analytics: An Hour A Day digs deep into use of social media key metrics by determining the rate of conversation, amplification, applause and economic value. This post certainly got me thinking about how we measure social media here at Winners Academy.

  81. […]
    Some time ago following to someone surprised via Twitter I met againg with Avinash Kaushik´s blog which, I must admit, had some time without visiting. In any case here in Canarias eTourism we wanted to deal with Social Media metrics and this Avinash´s post has certainly inspired to us. From the interesting reading you can extract a lot of information about the last trends for the results measurement of the brand´s presence in Social Media. The most important thing according to Mr. Kaushik is what happens after the publication of a post or a tweet depending on which network you use. The reactions to such messages by our potential target.

  82. […]
    The truth is probably somewhere in the middle. Avinash Kaushik suggests at looking at conversation, amplification and applause rates, and economic value. But he also advocates for using both quantitative and qualitative data.

  83. […] Kaushik, A. (2011). Best social media metrics: Conversation, amplification, applause, economic value. Retrieved from… […]

  84. […]
    A social media community is not just the people you chat with. The community may be made up of natural human beings, legal personalities as well as countries. These are the people or institutions that you have managed to befriend from time to time and they have conceded to your advances. They will be combined to make up your social media community. Avinash Kaushik shares his four key metrics that digital marketers should consider when measuring the success of their social media campaigns:

  85. […]
    If you get 50 responses to your tweet, it does not matter if these came from a base of 500 followers or 50.000 followers. The number of followers (or likes of your page) are measures for the potential audience, so hopefully more followers lead to more conversation, amplification and applause. But in itself they present no measure for success. If you want to read more about this, please have a look at the full article at Occam’s Razor, the blog of Avinash. There you can also find a very interesting article on Facebook advertising.

  86. […]
    While simply looking at the total number of followers or fans doesn’t necessarily mean much, how you interact with the followers can mean a whole lot. To help us measure the engagement level of your followers, I’m going to steal some metrics first theorized by Avinash Kaushik in a wonderful article that is definitely worth reading.

  87. […]
    Avinash Kaushik's article on the best social media metrics may have been written a little more than a year ago, but it still resonates with relevance even against the backdrop of fast-changing developments in social media analytics. He poses an approach that focuses on using four metrics that are platform independent. I think even smaller businesses and start-ups can benefit greatly from adopting this approach to social media analytics, whether they are at a beginner's phase, or if they wish to review their current social media analytics framework.

  88. […]
    Further to my post of last week, here is an interesting take on the issue of social media metrics from Avinash Kaushik, a leading expert in web metrics. Avinash sets out metrics for the following areas:

  89. […]
    Also, important to your list of resources for online metrics is Occam’s Razor by Avinash Kaushik.
    Here is a must read blog post whatever analytics you’re using (Google Analytics, Omniture, WebTrends, CoreIBMInsights, etc.):

    From Occam’s Razor by Avinash Kaushik
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value:

  90. […]
    I read a very inisghtful article from Avinash Kaushik, one of the biggest webanalytics professionals in the world, proposing a way to measure social media based on common elements among them. On his blog post he talks about three different metrics for Social Media: Conversation, Amplification and Applause rates. (he also describes the economic value as a metric, but I’m not going to use it in this article)

  91. […]
    While simply looking at the total number of followers or fans doesn’t necessarily mean much, how you interact with the followers can mean a whole lot. To help us measure the engagement level of your followers, I’m going to steal some metrics first theorized by Avinash Kaushik in a wonderful article that is definitely worth reading. At first glance, the metrics might seem rather simple, but they cover every aspect of how you interact with your fans. And until some recently released tools became available, gathering all the necessary data to calculate these wasn’t all that easy.

  92. […]
    Many of us indulge in long hours of discussions trying to prove that social media is bringing value to our businesses. If you ask me, the best way to check is to simply measure it! Conversation rate = # of audience comments (or replies) per post As Avinash says, “One beautiful thing . . . you can measure this on every social channel on the planet. Blog. Twitter. Facebook. Google Plus. YouTube.”

  93. […]
    However, Kaushik states in his blog post, to categorize social media indicators into conversation rate – measure the level of feedback to your messages that was spread through social media; amplification rate – measures the effects of your messages, which was shared among social media by your audience; applause rate – measures the level of your audience interest in your messages; economic values – measures the business impact of your messages.

  94. […]
    Kaushik published an informative blog post thoroughly explaining all of these metrics and how to measure them. Notice he doesn’t list the number of followers you have as a rockin’ metric. He’s all about the response and conversation that ensues due to your shared content.

  95. […]
    Der Vortrag von MR. WOM drehte sich dann vor allem um das Thema, wie man das Word of Mouth Potential von Social Media besser nutzen kann und welche digitalen, sozialen Tools WOM starten können. Betrachtet man die „Sprechen darüber“ Rate vieler Marken auf Facebook, zeigt sich, dass mit Werten von einem bis zwei Prozent hier noch sehr Potential brach liegt. Evt. mag es daran liegen, dass z. Zt. noch die falschen KPI´s als Ziel im Fokus stehen und nicht WOM KPI´s, wie Avinash Kaushik dies sehr treffend analysiert hat:

  96. […]
    Do you plan to join more social networks in the future? Getting settled into an app that only supports Facebook and Twitter may be a waste of time. Have you established specific social goals? Some apps may make tracking progress on specific goals easier than others.

  97. […]
    Also, important to your list of resources for online metrics is Occam’s Razor by Avinash Kaushik.
    Here is a must read blog post whatever analytics you’re using (Google Analytics, Omniture, WebTrends, CoreIBMInsights, etc.): From Occam’s Razor by Avinash Kaushik Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value:

  98. […]
    Su Twitter è uso comune commentare in 140 caratteri il nostro punto di vista nei confronti degli eventi che ci circondano. Sebbene ogni utente esprima la sua opinione a suo modo, fra tweet riflessivi, profondi, piccati, metaforici e via di seguito, tweet di natura ironica, sarcastica ecalembour sono quelli che ricevono più attenzioni e interazioni (quelli che aumentano l’Amplification Rate per dirla con Avinash Kaushik) e che sopratutto vagano di più nel web rispetto a contenuti di tipo differente, sfruttando quel potenziale di viralità intrinseco ai social media.

  99. […]
    TrueSocialMetrics: permite medir la actividad en la red social, a partir de las acciones más comunes que solemos realizar: publicar post, comentar contenido, compartir y marcar/ destacar algo concreto. Avinash Kaushik explica en este post estos conceptos, que la herramienta agrupa en:

  100. […]
    Esta métrica, propuesta por Avinash Kaushik, evangelista de marketing digital para Google, está recomendada para evaluar la repercusión del contenido que genera nuestra empresa en la red, ya sean tweets, comentarios en Facebook, posts en nuestro blog o videos en youtube.

  101. […]
    Zelf kijk ik liever naar de vier punten conversatie, versterking, applaus en economische waarde. Avinash Kaushik, die een blog bijhoudt over ‘alles online’, wijdde hier eerder een uitstekend topic aan.

  102. […]
    I was totally enlightened by these social media metrics and glad to share them with you guys. I think the most important thing to take away from this analysis is that numbers mean very little if the context and meaning behind them are neglected. These metrics are a way to view your campaign comprehensively, but brands should not make the mistake of ignoring the content behind the numbers. For more information about how to measure a brand’s social media effectiveness, I reccomend Occam’s Razor‘s “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value”.

  103. […]
    No two social media strategies are created the same. Each strategy should be measured, and ideally tied back to some business outcome, in its own way. There are so many things you could be measuring, rather than simple follower counts. Analytics High-Priest Avinash Kaushik suggests four key metrics:

  104. […]
    Como verán, el número de seguidores es lo que menos hay que considerar a veces. Hay cosas mas importantes y útiles y no están ocultas en absoluto. Es solo cosa de saber qué observar. Gracias a Anil Dash,evangelista de marketing digital para Google, por su excelente artículo que fundamentó este post.

  105. […]
    Your overall performance on Twitter according to the social media metrics created by Avinash Kaushik, author of some of the most popular web analytics books worldwide. Those metrics include my favorite: Applause Rate, which measures the depth of your understanding of what your audience likes, based on favorites.

  106. […]
    Este post se va a centrar precisamente en esta última pregunta: las métricas sociales. Además, lo haré basándome en las social media metrics creadas por Avinash Kaushik allá por 2011 y que siguen tan vigentes. Se alejan de la métrica fácil, es decir, del número de followers, fans, etc… Estos números son como el chocolate del loro, que deslumbra fácilmente a los que no conocen el terreno pero que dicen poco de la efectividad de nuestra estrategia (por no hablar de lo fácilmente falseables que son… hay todo un mercado negro de compra/venta de seguidores ahí fuera).

  107. […]
    These metrics focus on the effect your message is having on those who hear it — how engaged you audience is, including how likely they are to talk to you, spread your message and more. By dissecting your engagement metrics, you’ll know what types of content resonate most with your audience. Sample Metrics: Applause Rate, Conversation Rate, Amplification Rate, Overall Engagement Rate

  108. […] Small business guide to metrics and tools 4 keys : conversation, amplification, applause, economic Value […]

  109. […]
    Joan Stewart‘s insight: Social media is evolving at an incredible pace. Most of us have no idea how to participate optimally in this unique channel – we are doing TV on Twitter (breaks my heart). Excellent article by Avinash Kaushik
    See on

  110. […]
    Lo que haga vuestra empresa en redes sociales debería idealmente comenzar con los clientes/usuarios que ya tenéis; por eso, en la pajarita tenemos el típico embudo de conversión a la izquierda y a la derecha está al revés; no es un embudo sino un megáfono (si no la habéis leído todavía os aconsejo la Guía Social Media de 3ª Generación de Javier Godoy y os dejo también un post de Avinash si queréis medir el valor del social media). En la mayoría de los casos no tiene sentido una presencia en redes sociales si aún no tenemos clientes (parte izquierda y central de la pajarita) y todos los intentos en este punto no tendrán resultados o serán muy pobres.

  111. […]
    For now, let’s stop obsessing over the number of Twitter followers or retweets your brand receives. Instead, let’s follow the advice of digital marketing analyst Avinash Kaushik and focus on key interactivity metrics that measure conversation, amplification, and applause rates. These metrics provide true insight into effective social media strategy.

  112. […]
    After ‘pages’ comes ‘conversions’ a tab that savvy marketers will love. This involves your social metrics with monetary values and conversion ratios. You’ll be able to see which sites have sent you customers, when and why. Best of all, they are sorted into easy to read categories. Clicks, assists and overall role of the social site in sales.

  113. […]
    Social media is evolving at an incredible pace, and – let’s face it – many marketers are still finding it difficult to measure what matters. What should we be paying attention to after we post, promote, tweet and pin? How should we do it? As our Google colleague and digital marketing evangelist Avinash Kaushik says, you've got to be able to answer the big “so what” of social:

  114. […]
    For a more in depth look at key metrics with social media and other lists, read this great post by Avinash Kaushik.

  115. […]
    So to recap Module One, the social strategy section was a positive introduction.  It was good to explore different interpretations of 'the rules' e.g. (this post by Jeremy Waite ); to evaluate examples of best practice (e.g the Social Brands 100 report) and think about the best metrics to track effectiveness and ROI (Avanish offers a solid starting point)

  116. […]
    Putting hard numbers on the value of one tweet is difficult, but there are metrics marketing professionals can keep track of to gauge their success on social: “What matters [in social media] is everything that happens after you post / tweet / participate! Did you grab attention? Did you deliver delight? Did you cause people to want to share? Did you initiate a discussion? Did you cause people to take an action? Did your participation deliver economic value? The ‘so what? ‘ matters!” – Avinash Kaushik, Author and Digital Marketing Evangelist at Google (Source:

  117. […] Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value […]

  118. […]
    [Closing note: ready to really take this to the next level? This post by @Avinash remains one of my favorite go-to lists of social media metrics that are worth the long term investment.]

  119. […]
    Finally, if you have not seen this post at Occasm’s Razor by Avinash Kaushik it is worth taking a look at “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value.” Its focus is on things you can actually measure if you are participating in social media in an optimal fashion and the measurement proposal uses that data to incentivize companies to do the right thing by measuring what matters, what makes social unique.

  120. […]
    Click here to read the original post where Avinash goes into depth on how to implement these metrics into your business analytics.

  121. […]
    That’s why I really appreciate a post by Avinash Kaushik on his Occam’s Razor blog. In his article, Kaushik defines a number of metrics built out of similar branded metrics from various social media platforms. This includes conversation rate, amplification rate, applause rate, and economic value. I’m not going to go into the details of each metric; if you want to know how they are calculated, you can read Kaushik’s post. What I want to talk about is reporting on unified metrics compared to individual metrics.

  122. […]
    Above indicators are good for measuring the potential of our Social Media efforts, but that’s where it stops. The real success of Social Media is measured by another set of metrics that measure the engagement of the people following, liking, circling, subscribing or viewing us. The following rates have gained a lot of support among Social Media analysts [6]:

  123. […]
    Blog comments feel good. Every time you leave a smart piece of feedback on an influencer’s post, you’re validating the thought and effort they put into the piece. Do it enough, and he or she will come to see you as a supporter and be more amenable to other avenues and levels of engagement. The same goes for small interactions on the social web, including shares, “applause” (Avinash Kaushik’s term for positive social signals like +1s, likes, favorites), and replies.

  124. […]
    Así es posible comparar la efectividad de nuestros perfiles. Este enfoque nace del artículo Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value, de Avinash Kaushik. En la herramienta True Social Metrics han realizado una implementación de esta forma de medir indicadores en redes sociales.

  125. […]
    Mais au lieu de simplement regarder le nombre de Like, je vous invite à adopter d’autres indicateurs plus pertinents formulés par Avinash Kaushik tel que: Le taux de conversation est le nombre moyen de commentaires/réponses que vous obtenez grâce à la contribution sociale. À travers le taux de conversation, vous pouvez déterminer à quel point l’entreprise arrive à engager son cœur de cible.

  126. […]
    To do that, you need to evaluate your posts, tweets, and conversations with standard metrics and measures. The approach Beaconfire takes to social media effectiveness measurement comes from Avinash Kaushik as posted on his infamous blog, Occam’s Razor. In a post entitled, “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value,” Avinash dives deep into 3 new metrics your organization can use to understand your social media strategy’s success.

  127. […]
    This works well for the typical print advertisement and has even carried over to email marketing and sometimes television. This works for certain approaches but almost never on social media. It has already been noted and shown multiple times that advertising on social media does not work. Several noted experts have mentioned that we need to do stop thinking about “pimping out your stuff on social media.” Yet, hundreds of posts across dozens of platforms do just that.

  128. […]
    Avinash Kaushik, Digital Marketing Evangelist at Google and author of Web Analytics 2.0, has a metric he calls “Applause Rate.” It’s simple. If you want to know what people like, measure the amount of clapping. From Avinash’s excellent blog post on the matter, here’s how to measure Applause Rate:

  129. […]
    Avinash Kaushik’s suggestions for measuring social media’s effectiveness can also be applied to content marketing, and we can roll some of his metrics together with a few more promotion channels to get a better picture of our content marketing’s effectiveness. In this post I’ll show you how to pull your content engagement data together, then analyze it in DataHero to answer some questions about audience engagement with your content.

  130. […]
    Find out if they like it and what they like about it – The only way we’ll know if we’re delivering something that the people we care about actually want is if we observe and ask. Identify your key performance indicators for your business and for your communications efforts. Set benchmarks and then actively engage in the analytics. Google evangelist Avinash Kaushik suggests 4 social media metrics that will get you thinking about what you need to measure, and why.

  131. […]
    Kaushik talks about this in his post on Occam’s Razor: Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value.  He writes:

  132. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value

  133. […]
    This blog post "Six metrics all social media marketers should be familiar", provides an awesome baseline to get the wheels turning on what metrics are important to your campaign. Avinash Kaushik also gives great insight into what he feels are the best social media metrics: conversion, amplification, applause, and economic value.

  134. […]
    Your overall performance on Twitter according to the social media metrics created by Avinash Kaushik, author of some of the most popular web analytics books worldwide.

  135. […]
    It shows you how each tweet has performed in terms of the retweets, favourites and replies it has received as well as your potential audience and how successfully you are performing according to Avinash Kaushik social media metrics, author of best selling web analytics books worldwide.

  136. […]
    Visión global de tu actividad en Twitter según las métricas de social media de Avinash Kaushik, uno de los referente de la analítica web a nivel mundial.

  137. […]
    Visión global de tu actividad en Twitter según las métricas de social media de Avinash Kaushik, uno de los referente de la analítica web a nivel mundial.

  138. […]
    You also need to know how to properly determine how effective your social marketing efforts are. Typically, various forms of content marketing are shared on social, which is why I am pulling social into the equation. In social, you want to be looking at the conversion rate, amplification rate, and applause rate. Avinash Kaushik breaks down each of these nicely:

  139. […]
    But what if I told you that actually all the social networks (including your blog!) really do have the same engagement metrics? Several years ago, Avinash Kaushik wrote a post where he touts the best social media metrics are Conversation, Amplification, Applause, and Economic value. We've adopted this method of engagement tracking, and actually use this not only for our social sites, but also for engagement on the blog and in other areas of the site. Let me explain what each of these means for different platforms, and how they're really all the same. :)

  140. […]
    Really diving into these metrics and exploring ways to combine them will give you the clearest picture of your success, as noted by Avinash Kaushik in his post on the best social media metrics. Since social media provides a certain amplification factor that gets multiplied every time other people share your content, you can calculate how your reach has expanded beyond your own follower count to include the followers of those who shared your content.

  141. […]
    Avinash Kaushik's article on the best social media metrics may have been written a little more than a year ago, but it still resonates with relevance even against the backdrop of fast-changing developments in social media analytics. He poses an approach that focuses on using four metrics that are platform independent. I think even smaller businesses and start-ups can benefit greatly from adopting this approach to social media analytics, whether they are at a beginner's phase, or if they wish to review their current social media analytics framework. Avinash posits:

  142. […]
    There are so many social media metrics and so little time. The Facebook download of page insights has over 1700 columns of data, ranging from daily Likes to video plays in the last 28 days. After setting your goals you then decide what KPIs to use. Avinash Kaushik gives great insight into what he feels are the best social media metrics: conversion, amplification, applause, and economic value.

  143. […]
    The article I based on infographic on can be found here 

  144. […]
    Ultimately, success on social media can be measured by many of the ways mention above. Companies that are spending time and money using social media to market to their costumers really must spend the time analyzing their posts, likes, shares, reach, views, etc. to measure the profitability that social media is bringing to their companies.

  145. […]
    Più avanzate/che possono essere classificate a loro volta in tendenze: In questo blog post di Avinash Kaushik vengono indicate delle metrics basate sul concetto che quello che conta è quello che succede DOPO il tweet, il post, l’invito a partecipare. Dal tasso di conversazioni che un post ha attivato, all’amplificazione del post attraverso le condivisioni, al numero di “applausi” (likes) che può informare l’istituzione su che cosa piace o non piace al nostro pubblico, fino ad arrivare al vero e proprio impatto economico dell’attività sui social. Questo blog post è un must read, gente

  146. […]
    The whole point of getting involved in social media is to create or become part of a community. In order to create that community, your posts and participation must foster engagement. According to Avinash Kaushik in his article Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value, engagement can be broken down into four measureable areas (as listed in the article title.)

  147. […]
    As we work toward investing in our social media communities here at Buffer, we expect to try out a lot of new experiments along the way in terms of the best ways to measure our efforts and the best types of content that truly engage with our audience. One of the experiments that we’re really eager to try is a new way of looking at engagement. First proposed by Avinash Kaushik back in 2011, this theory of engagement breaks the metric into four parts that are you’ll find to be consistent across all social networks:

  148. […]
    To increase the strength of your content, you need to “amplify” it. What does that mean? According to Avinash Kaushik, amplification is the rate at which your followers take your content and share it through their network.

  149. […]
    7. What are the KPIs and Metrics that you recommend to measure success of social media programs? Again, don’t lose out here by just talking about Facebook ‘likes’. Talk about metrics on Audience Engagement, metrics on Outcomes of Social Media projects. Avinash Kaushik explains how to measure outcomes in terms of macro conversions (sales) and micro conversions (brochure downloads, contact form submissions etc.) in this non-parallel article.

  150. […]
    If you really want to get even more out of this study, read Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value. Not only do they track their posts (on many platforms) very methodically, they also assign a dollar value to the engagement that is received. Fascinating! I’ll admit, I haven’t gone here yet… but will (eventually)!

  151. […]
    An example of an uber-metric is Avinash Kaushik’s idea of “amplification”: Facebook shares, Twitter retweets, and LinkedIn reshares are all engagement actions that spread content to a wider audience, so it makes sense to group them.

  152. […]
    Somos grandes fans de Avinash aquí en Mack Web por lo que no es sorprendente que la base de nuestras métricas de compromiso está sentada las métricas de aplauso, amplificación y conversación de Avinash. Hablamos de estas métricas mucho y por una buena razón. Puedes encontrarlas (y calcularlas) en todas las redes sociales en una forma u otra. Además, te dan información significativa sobre el estado de tus canales sociales, mostrando cómo están participando los fans con tu marca. Estas son métricas de compromiso, por lo que tienes que verlas para poder analizar y comprender plenamente el compromiso de las redes sociales de tu marca con los clientes.

  153. […]
    We are big Avinash fans over here at Mack Web so it’s no surprise that the basis of our engagement metrics is seated in Avinash’s Applause, Amplification, and Conversation metrics. We talk about these metrics a lot, and for good reason. You can find them (and calculate them) on all social networks in one form or another. Plus, they give you meaningful information about the health of your social media channels by showing you how well your fans are engaging with your brand on social media. These are our foundational social media engagement metrics – you have to watch these metrics in your analytics to fully understand your brand’s social media engagement.

  154. […]
    Avinash Kaushik's system indicated that posts, tweets, friends, followers and subscribers do not matter. As a result, he developed the following to serve as an accurate foundation for metrics and engagement.

  155. […]
    Kaushik suggests four new social media metrics (find a link to Kaushik’s blog post in Frioux’s suggested references):
    Economic Value
    In addition to considering using Kaushik’s proposed new metrics, Frioux suggested members check out the following:

  156. […]
    Lack Of Consistency In Metrics Across Networks. What is the value of a given social interaction on a given social network? Consider Facebook Likes, Comments, and Shares vs. Twitter Favorites, Replies, and Retweets.

  157. […]
    The tool True Social Metrics was created with engagement in mind. While it offers the user a convenient dashboard for standard social media metrics such as number of followers, likes, posts and comments for a variety of social platforms, True Social takes things a step farther by integrating the advice of Avinash Kaushik and also measures conversation, amplification, applause and economic value.

  158. […]
    Lack Of Consistency In Metrics Across Networks. What is the value of a given social interaction on a given social network? Consider Facebook Likes, Comments, and Shares vs. Twitter Favorites, Replies, and Retweets.

  159. […]
    For a more in depth look at key metrics with social media and other lists, read this great post by Avinash Kaushik. Back To The Bottom Line. Ultimately the value of a list lies in its ability to generate repeat conversions. For an Adsense site, that might be getting people back to the site to click on ads. For an Ecommerce site, it might be to get people to buy complementary products. For a non-profit, it could be getting volunteers out to their next event.

  160. […]
    Anyway, as time goes on, the level of data can seem more daunting, the amount of information increasing at an exponential rate and the amount that you can report on can make you do excessive amounts of facepalms and hair-pulling. But…it doesn’t have to be that way. And to be honest, little has actually changed. The impetus behind this piece is from a post by Grandmaster Kaushik (or more professionally, Avinash Kaushik of Occam’s Razor) about the most essential social metrics your business should be following.

  161. […]
    Conversation, Amplification, & Applause. We’ve made solid growth on social media in our amplification, conversation, and follower count.

  162. […]
    (per approfondire i primi 4 KPI trattati ti consiglio il post del buon Avinash Kaushik "Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value".

  163. […]
    KEY CONTENT (PAGES): Once a visitor gets to your website, what pages are most viewed? Key Content or Top Pages tells what is their hierarchy of needs from your business.

  164. […]
    Then once you have the data, add up the total of conversation, amplification, and applause for a given time period, and divide each total by the number of posts. Economic value will require a bit more homework on your end. You’ll need to assign monetary value to the different actions that occur via social media and your sales funnel. Kaushik wrote a pair of helpful posts on conversions and economic value that can help sort this out.

  165. […]
    Dans cet article, Kaushik tente de nous convaincre que nous portons trop d’importance à certaines Métriques et pas assez à celles qui sont réellement importantes (Applause Rate, Conversion Rate, Amplification Rate, Economic Value). Croyez-vous pouvoir déceler une 5ème métrique ? Si non, laquelle semble la plus importante pour une campagne marketing sur les réseaux sociaux ?

  166. […]
    A guru in this field, Avinash Kaushik has addressed the challenges of measurement and tracking the things that matter many times (Social measurement, Digital marketing) but it bears repeated discussion because all too often we see people continuing to measure the wrong things and build passionate arguments and make million dollar decisions because of them.

  167. […]
    TrueSocialMetrics: permite medir la actividad en la red social, a partir de las acciones más comunes que solemos realizar: publicar post, comentar contenido, compartir y marcar/ destacar algo concreto. Avinash Kaushik explica en este post estos conceptos, que la herramienta agrupa en:

  168. […]
    Whether you’re a large brand or a blogger, if you’re spending time creating and sharing content no one is interested in, well, you’re just waiting your time! Avinash Kaushik’s four major social media metrics were designed in a 2011 blog post to address the way in which we evaluate our social media performance.

  169. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics – What really matters in social media? Avinash Kaushik digs in and tries to answer this question by describing four great social KPIs: Conversion rate, amplification rate, applause rate and economic value.

  170. […]
    Метрики для оценки результатов работы в соцсетях, которые использует Авинаш Кошик, были разработаны в противовес таким метрикам, как количество подписчиков, количество постов и прочим статистическим показателям низкого качества. По словам Кошика:

  171. […]
    While simply looking at the total number of followers or fans doesn’t necessarily mean much, how you interact with the followers can mean a whole lot. To help us measure the engagement level of your followers, I’m going to steal some metrics first theorized by Avinash Kaushik in a wonderful article that is definitely worth reading.

  172. […]
    TrueSocialMetrics (Premium) — a social media marketing tool that provides insights about how to improve your social media presence. It measures the four key social media metrics: conversion rate, amplification rate, applause rate, and economic value for almost all major social networks (Facebook, Twitter, Google+, YouTube, LinkedIn, Instagram, etc.) in a single dashboard.

  173. […]
    It measures the four key social media metrics: conversion rate, amplification rate, applause rate, and economic value for almost all major social networks (Facebook, Twitter, Google+, YouTube, LinkedIn, Instagram, etc.) in a single dashboard.

  174. […]
    Если с конверсией все и так ясно — это абсолют любой маркетинговой активности — то на вовлечении пользователей нужно остановиться подробнее. В этом нам поможет Авинаш Кошик. Полагаю, этот маркетолог не нуждается в представлениях. Еще в 2011 году он опубликовал методологию оценки вовлечения пользователей во всех социальных медиа. По сути, относительный уровень вовлечения пользователей по Кошику — это самоценная метрика, которая состоит из четырех составляющих:

  175. […]
    If you use Facebook or twitter for your business, you probably try to measure the ultimate effect that these channels have on your bottom line. But there could be many other important metrics to consider when it comes to social media. This blog from digital evangelist and Market Motive co-founder Avinash Kaushik looks at how to check the conversation and amplification rates of your social channels, as well how to measure the “applause rate” they have on customers.

  176. […]
    A colleague recently highlighted a few social media metrics from Avinash Kaushik in a post Avinash wrote in October 2011. Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value. Avinash measure conversation as follows:

  177. […]
    This works well for the typical print advertisement and has even carried over to email marketing and sometimes television. This works for certain approaches but almost never on social media. It has already been noted and shown multiple times that advertising on social media does not work. Several noted experts have mentioned that we need to do stop thinking about “pimping out your stuff on social media.” Yet, hundreds of posts across dozens of platforms do just that.

  178. […]
    The unpredictability of social media inflates, or sometimes deflates, the mean. This is due to the variability of social data. This is why using the median is beneficial when investigating aggregate data. Social media metrics like applause and amplification work best when judging single status updates.

  179. […]
    A recent study found only 15% of brands are able to quantify the impact of social media on their activities. So which metrics will help you evaluate the social media impact on your brand? Avinash Kaushik is suggesting among others, three main metrics:

  180. […]
    I created the following spreadsheets and making them available to everyone. They include engagement, reach, etc. statistics across the board for Facebook, Twitter and Google+ with grand totals. SPREADSHEET 1 – Includes Avinash Kaushik‘s original content of Applause (likes, favorites, +1’s), Amplification (shares, retweets), Conversation (comments, replies), and value (# of sales)

  181. […]
    A recent study found only 15% of brands are able to quantify the impact of social media on their activities. So which metrics will help you evaluate the social media impact on your brand? Avinash Kaushik is suggesting among others, three main metrics:

  182. […]
    Avinash Kaushik explica en este post estos conceptos, que la herramienta agrupa en:

  183. […]
    In more complicated terms, the success of a social media site is measured by four distinct metrics, regardless of the social channel you use. According to Avinash Kaushik, these four metrics are:

  184. […]
    The Conversation, Amplification, Applause and Economic Value of social media. This framework assesses social media against four sets of criteria, measuring how well it delivers on each.

  185. […]
    Enter a 2011 blog post written by Digital Marketing expert, Avinash Kaushik. In this article, Kaushik proposed a universal set of metrics that can be used across social platforms that would allow brands and businesses to better track and measure their engagement on social media. Although it’s ‘old’ by internet standards, it is still being used today by respectable companies like Buffer and Moz.

  186. […]
    As much as you like to think you’re in control of your brand’s story, you’re still at the mercy of those people forming opinions of your brand or product and posting those opinions on various media platforms. If you commit to focusing on relationships with brand influencers to help steer your customers’ storymaking, you need to look toward some key metrics to quantify your program’s success, including:

  187. […]
    The number of comments you receive on your Facebook posts used to determine whether or not your Facebook posts are doing well or not. But, with so many spam comments it’s difficult to determine whether or not the 100 comments on your Facebook posts are properly representing your engagement rate. Instead, track your conversation rate on Facebook instead of just comments. This is simply the number of conversations per social media post.

  188. […]
    Economic Value De financiële waarden van de Social Media inspanningen zijn het belangrijkst. Bekijk het aantal conversies en deel dit door de totale kosten voor de conversies minus de totale opbrengsten van deze conversies. Zo krijg je te zien wat de inspanningen hebben opgeleverd of hebben gekost per conversi en per kanaal. Wenst u nog meer info over dit Social Media Model? Ga naar

  189. […]
    Lack Of Consistency In Metrics Across Networks. What is the value of a given social interaction on a given social network? Consider Facebook Likes, Comments, and Shares vs. Twitter Favorites, Replies, and Retweets.

  190. […]
    Las estadísticas de contenido muestran el número total de Retweets, respuestas y favoritos que han recibido tus Tweets en el periodo de tiempo seleccionado. La siguiente tabla muestra algunas métricas de social media que te muestran tu actuación en Twitter al mismo tiempo que te ayudan a formar y conseguir tus objetivos SMART.

  191. […]
    Breaking down Engagement into Conversation, Amplification and Applause: Avinash Kaushik goes further and defines more advanced ratios that break down engagement into its constituent parts. These are summarised by Shobha Thomas as follows:

  192. […]
    Aside from tracking traffic, tie in social media specific metrics too. A great place to start is Avinash Kaushik’s four social media metrics. Kaushik’s metrics are good because they’re straight forward and focus on the key aspect of of social media—engagement. They answer the question: Do people like what you’re sharing?

  193. […]
    Mide, mide, mide. Si sólo se trata de una cuenta a título personal, no te obsesiones. Pero si lo que buscas es posicionarte como un profesional (tema Marca Personal), o darle visibilidad a tu empresa, mide. Pero antes, fíjate objetivos para saber qué vas a medir. No te quedes en el número de seguidores, retuits y menciones. Da un paso más allá y fíjate en datos como la tasa de conversación, de aplauso, de amplificación… No son mías, son de Avinash Kaushik, el experto de los expertos en esto de medir la eficacia de tus acciones en las redes sociales. Hazle caso al Boss.

  194. […]
    In a lengthy and thoughtful blog post on Occam’s Razor that has generated over 90 pages of comments, the digital evangelist Avanash Kaushik creates four categories of social media measurement: Conversion rate, amplification, applause, and economic value.

  195. […]
    De methode hoe ik social media meet heb ik van een van mijn weinige marketinghelden Avinash Kaushik. Natuurlijk heb ik het wat aangepast, maar de basis herken je er zeker in terug. Een belangrijk verschil is wel dat ik ervoor kies om de formules te delen op het ‘bereik’ ipv op het aantal posts. Hier zitten voor- en nadelen aan, maar ik wil graag weten van het aantal mensen dat ik al bereik met een bericht hoeveel daarvan weer iets actief ondernemen.

  196. […]
    Google’s Avinash Kaushik came up with the idea for these social media metrics, which include a total of four major categories:

  197. […]
    Avinash Kaushik, an Analytics expert who writes on “Occam’s Razor” – has designed one such framework for Social performance based on measures for Conversion, Applause, Amplification and Economic Value. Avinash’s framework helps us get past the all too common focus on individual gross measures such as number of fans, followers, number of subscribers or number of posts and tweets. In isolation, they don’t help clearly differentiate between a socially ineffective brand and a socially active one.

  198. […]
    Monitor each metric by diagnosing, prioritize your strategies and evaluate the data to determine the success of your strategy. And then repeat: diagnose, prioritize and evaluate… and repeat until you get it right. “You don’t participate in social media to only drive business outcomes. I cannot stress that enough. If that is your primary objective you are going to suck at it (and the above metrics will reflect very efficiently how much you suck).” – Avinash Kaushik

  199. […]
    We’ve taken a lot of inspiration from the different ways to evaluate and measure a social media campaign, and this method of amplification and applause is a favorite. Google’s Avinash Kaushik came up with the idea for these social media metrics, which include a total of four major categories:

  200. […]
    In fact, social sharing is one of four key social media metrics that Avinash Kaushik suggests businesses track. He refers to the social sharing metric as Amplification Rate. (The other three important social media metrics that he suggests that businesses track are: Conversation Rate, Applause Rate, and Economic Value.)

  201. […]
    Engagement helps you identify what works and doesn’t work in your social media strategy, and conversations are great indicators of it. Here’s a great dashboard by Avinash Kaushik that combines the above three metrics:

  202. […]
    The always wonderful Avinash Kaushik published an article titled: 'How To Suck At Social Media: An Indispensable Guide For Businesses'. It is a delightful read that challenges how you think about social media, which is built on his measurement model for social activity.

  203. […]
    Terkait hal itu, ahli statistik internet dan penulis asal India, Avinash Kaushik, pernah menulis bahwa fitur interaksi media sosial terbagi menjadi 3 (tiga) kategori:

  204. […]
    In addition to what Scott and Zachary have said, there are four quantifiable metrics for social media that prove return on investment (ROI). They were introduced by Avinash Kaushik, a well-respected online analytics master, several years ago:

  205. […]
    ‘Occam’s Razor‘, by digital marketing royalty Avinash Kaushik, is probably one of the more timeless blogs you’re going to find. By timeless we mean things he wrote about years ago are still applicable today, which is a rarity in the ever-changing digital realm. For example, his 2011 blog ‘Best Social Media Metrics: Conversion, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value‘ is still a great go-to resource for analysing social media, even though social has rapidly changed over the past few years.

  206. […]
    When your content gets shared, liked or commented on, that’s engagement. Decide which social platforms you want to keep track of, and use a spreadsheet to track these shares over time. You’ll get a solid sense of which blog posts work, and will begin to see patterns on what drives engagement. The metrics you’ll want to look at are specifically these three (h/t to Avinash Kaushik):

  207. […]
    One of the experiments that we’re really eager to try is a new way of looking at engagement. First proposed by Avinash Kaushik back in 2011, this theory of engagement breaks the metric into four parts that are you’ll find to be consistent across all social networks:

  208. […]
    Now, Kaushik is recognized as an authoritative voice on how marketers, executive teams and industry leaders can leverage data to fundamentally reinvent their digital existence. He’s the Digital Marketing Evangelist for Google, and has held key roles at Intuit, DirecTV, and DHL. He initially defined these four social media metrics in a blog post published back in October 2011. In other words, they’ve been hidden in plain sight for more than four years.

  209. […]
    Due to the business nature, the purpose is not to sell a product but to get the clients to engage with the offered services and book photo shoots or workshops with Judy. Furthermore, there are different tools that can be used to measure this level of engagement, that the group is going to use constantly so the strategy can be changed if necessary. A way of measuring the campaign is by using Kaushik’s (2011) four major social media metrics, which are as follows:

  210. […]
    The dashboard on will track your Twitter pages how others are interacting with your tweets, URL clicks, and which sources link to your content. Other sites like Topsy show which keywords tweeted the most, unfortunately was purchased by Apple two year ago. An image of the Topsy dashboard is shown below. More tips about how to prefect your health blog at

  211. […]
    When you know when your audience is then you can know how to reach them. Aim for a high rate. Be humorous, meaningful, and having a deeper understanding of your audience. This will in turn, increase your business value. Women’s Health does a great job of this on Facebook by posting intriguing and humorous articles.

  212. […]
    Now that you have an idea of how and where you are going to start evaluating, it is always a good idea to know what you should evaluate. There are four social media metrics that are important to measure when it comes to your healthcare organization’s platforms:

  213. […]
    Are you afraid you aren’t utilizing the full potential of your social media accounts? Well… fear no more, there are 4 simple measures to make sure you are focusing your social media participation perspective in the right direction!

  214. […]
    What are analytics specifically measuring? Avinash Kaushik, the Digital Marketing Evangelist for Google, proposes four social media metrics that are measured.

  215. […]
    After every play or musical, the director, playwright and actors look for evaluation, praise for a job well done, in the form of claps from the audience or reviews in the paper. In the case of your health organization, you are the [social media] director, your media writers the playwrights, and your volunteers/employees are the actors. Yet I’ve always found that the applause and reviews from the audience are more important than what you tweet or what picture you post.

  216. […]
    Keep in Mind! Your health organization should use tactics to be effective on social media. Best Social Media Metrics focuses on conversation, amplification, applause, economic value.

  217. […]
    You might be asking yourself after reading about all these tracking gadgets that can be mind-boggling for some of us (including me). In a post about Social media metrics, Avinash Kaushik was extremely helpful in clearing up the importance of it all by saying:

  218. […]
    So what exactly is all of this telling me? There are four best metrics to use when measuring the success of social media. These metrics will give your health organization a better idea of how effective its messages are.

  219. […]
    Understanding these metrics gives us marketers the power to overcome some of the unpredictability that often comes with using social media. However, this poses the question, what metrics are actually worth measuring? Avinash Kaushik‘s framework involves four main metrics for measuring success on social media.

  220. […]
    Naturally, you can’t measure the entire value of your social media presence. But you can quantify some of it by measuring the impact of certain actions, like how many people visit your page or take advantage of a content offer. For more explanation on this process, check out this post by Avinash.

  221. […]
    Para más orientación, te recomiendo este post de Avinash sobre las mejores métricas sociales (Conversation Rate, Amplification Rate, Applause Rate y Economic Value).

  222. […]
    A recent study found that still only 15% of brands are able to quantify the impact of social media on their activities. So which metrics will help you evaluate the social media impact on your brand? As on any other marketing channel you are able to measure leads, conversions, visits to your website or specific campaigns. Avinash Kaushik is suggesting among others, three main metrics:

  223. […]
    This method of social media measurement was originally introduced by digital marketing expert Avinash Kaushik. He proposed a set of universal metrics for marketers to use across all social platforms that would allow brands and businesses to better track their social media efforts. Here is his Google Analytics dashboard, showing the actual economic value of the macro and micro conversions he defined for his company:

  224. […]
    Contrary to popular belief, success on social media does not consist of how many posts you’ve made, your follower to following ratio, or how often you post. What matters is what happens after you post. Avinash Kaushik says, “Did you grab attention? Did you deliver delight? Did you cause people to want to share? Did you initiate a discussion? Did you cause people to take an action? Did your participation deliver economic value?”

  225. […]
    Convince and Convert have put together a great guide of top Google Analytics reports every social media marketer should keep an eye on that cover different goals and KPIs. Check it out. Avinash Kaushik is suggesting among others, three main metrics:

  226. […]
    Last but not least, you might want to use this campaign measurement framework, discussed by Avinash Kaushik in his “Best Social Media Metrics” blog. It focuses on measuring social media campaigns in terms of amplification, applause, conversation, and economic value. In it, Avinash spends a good amount of time explaining in detail what these KPIs mean and how to connect them to your company’s bottom line. He also offers an excel spreadsheet that lets you automate the calculation of these metrics.

  227. […]
    When dealing with the effectiveness of video, the best Key Performance Indicators to look at are engagement and economic value, according to Avinash Kaushik, co-Founder and Chief Education Officer for Market Motive. Engagement shows whether viewers are sticking around to watch what you have to say and whether they find your message valuable enough to share some sort of action. Look at these three factors of engagement:

  228. […]
    Convince and Convert have put together a great guide of top Google Analytics reports every social media marketer should keep an eye on that cover different goals and KPIs. Check it out. Avinash Kaushik is suggesting among others, three main metrics:

  229. […]
    Buffer Social’s article also points out another option first proposed by Google Co-Founder Aninash Kauskih in 2011. He suggests the following consistent social media metrics categories across all social channels.

  230. […]
    Brands must hire people to run the different platforms efficiently and invest in software and equipment (to make and edit videos for instance). This requires an important budget. Consequently, digital marketers must prove to top managers that using these platforms will create value for the company. To do so, Avinash Kaushik identified the four best metrics marketers can use to prove the benefits of investing in social media.

  231. […]
    De methode hoe ik social media meet heb ik van een van mijn weinige marketinghelden Avinash Kaushik. Natuurlijk heb ik het wat aangepast, maar de basis herken je er zeker in terug. Een belangrijk verschil is wel dat ik ervoor kies om de formules te delen op het ‘bereik’ ipv op het aantal posts. Hier zitten voor- en nadelen aan, maar ik wil graag weten van het aantal mensen dat ik al bereik met een bericht hoeveel daarvan weer iets actief ondernemen.

  232. […]
    Last but not least, you might want to use this campaign measurement framework, discussed by Avinash Kaushik in his “Best Social Media Metrics” blog. It focuses on measuring social media campaigns in terms of amplification, applause, conversation, and economic value. In it, Avinash spends a good amount of time explaining in detail what these KPIs mean and how to connect them to your company’s bottom line. He also offers an excel spreadsheet that lets you automate the calculation of these metrics.

  233. […]
    Para evitar caer en “vanity metrics” y darle contexto y profundidad a tus datos; te presento 4 KPI o indicadores propuestos por Avinash Kaushik que puedes usar para medir el éxito de tu trabajo en Redes Sociales.

  234. […]
    Look at their social media accounts. Not the number of followers – that is often manipulated as well. Look at the volume of engagement – shares, likes, and discussion on the platform. Avinash Kaushik has a great method of understanding the economic value on different platforms.

  235. […]
    An even better way is to go straight to the horse’s mouth. Most good blogs have a search function. As well as being useful to the reader, they can be useful to you. Using site search analysis, find out exactly what your readers are looking to get from your site. Use that to capitalize on your audience’s attention. Give them what they want in your future posts. You might have your own direction for content, but it’s a good idea to go with the flow now and then, too.

  236. […]
    Being able to measure these analytics confidently and accurately can help guide positive changes in online marketing for businesses. “Conversation Rate. Amplification Rate. Applause Rate. Economic Value. Four simple measures that get you to focus on the right thing from a social media participation perspective, help you understand how well you are doing at it, and quantify the business impact.” (

  237. […]
    In addition to this thinking, in 2011 Avinash Kaushik encouraged marketers to look at engagements in four ways (which Buffer outlined in detail in 2014):

  238. […]
    Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value, Occam’s Rasor blog by Avinash Kaushik,…

  239. […]
    Mide tu repercusión: Pero cómo se mide, ¿por el número de seguidores? No. Hay tres indicadores clave para medir tu estado en twitter o en cualquier red social: Conversación, Aplauso y Amplificación.  

  240. […]
    We’re focusing on quality, not quantity; trying to be more personable, personalised yet professional; and ensuring we’re more consistent with our content & tone of voice. All our metrics around conversations, amplification and applause rates are well above our uplift targets as a result of this and recent press engagement is way beyond what we’d receive from a traditional press release.

  241. […]
    Conversation rate of Facebook remarketing ads

  242. […]
    Want more? Te recomiendo que cotillees siempre mis fuentes: Artículo de Avinash Kaushik sobre los KPI de Social Media:

  243. […]
    The question that is always in the back of everyone’s heads is “Is it worth it?” Just like any human being, we want to see results from all of our hard work, time, and money put into something. For starters lets focus on why you need to use social media, how to be effective when using it, and how to measure with metrics.

  244. […]
    That is what drives other to your posts and is an extremely valuable form of marketing. An article in Occam’s Razor mentions that conversation on social media posts gives you an insight into your audience and helps create an “ecosystem” for your followers. All of which are good things, making conversation a very valuable tool.

  245. […]
    Some basic things you should know before I get all technical on you. Social media metrics refers to the use of data to measure the impact of the activity of social media on a company. Avinash Kaushik has figured out a theory for the most efficient way to measure social media metrics for companies and this is something that every social media account holder should see.

  246. […]
    This is referred to as Amplification Rate. Cute right? This allows you have a better understanding of what your audience is looking for in your brand. Looking at the numbers for each of your social media platforms using Excel, Sprout, or Google Analytics is a great way to see where your message needs to be amplified. Think of your numbers as more of a guide to show you the areas of your social media that need a little more love. Not too boring right?

  247. […]
    According to the article Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value, the amount of friends, followers, subscribers, and anything else like that does not determine whether your social media is succeeding. It’s how people react to your posts and how people interact with them, which is exactly what social media metrics is.

  248. […]
    An easy way to measure this influence is through the use of the following equation: Conversation Rate= # of audience replies or comments per post. Increasing this value requires an understanding of your audience and the things they find worthy of commenting on. While this is much less concrete than numbers, it can provide insights to customer’s thoughts about certain aspects of the business, which is invaluable information to have.

  249. […]
    Conversation.  Many social media pages use this feature to increase their reach. Conversation is what it sounds like– comments, dialogue. While comment boards often get extremely messy (I wrote a blog post about it), this can be a somewhat helpful tool for your business to engage your publics better. For instance, consider how your local news outlet probably likes to add something to a news story to create conversation: 'how do you feel about X?' 'Do you agree with X'?

  250. […]
    Detto in altre parole, inutile vantarsi per aver raggiunto un certo numero di fan se poi non si lavora intorno alle metriche che fanno la differenza. Quali sono? Io direi di partire dalla partizione base indicata da Avinash Kaushik che suggerisce 4 KPI che potrebbero essere condivisi da tutti.

  251. […]
    Avinash Kaushik suggests four major social media metrics that are likely to work well on every channel. They all were explained in a 2011 blog-post. Regardless of its date, they are still up to date.

  252. […]
    What is Amplification Rate? This metric was first defined by author and digital marketing evangelist at Google Avinash Kaushik as “the rate at which your followers take your content and share it through their networks.” Basically, you can think of amplification rate as the ratio of shares per social post.

  253. […]
    Another issue that comes from relying on the native FB and Instagram platforms is that you can’t prioritize the data you really want to see. For example, when it comes to analyzing the success of my client campaigns, I prefer to follow Avinash Kaushik’s approach to social media metrics over at Occam’s Razor (one of the best blogs around on data analytics and marketing).

  254. […]
    Tasa de conversación: se trata de una métrica para complementar la de “compromiso en redes sociales”. Representa la relación entre los comentarios por publicación y el número de seguidores de la marca. De esa manera puedes definir con mayor precisión el nivel de interés de la audiencia en cada una de tus publicaciones.

  255. […]
    Fortunately, there are better social media metrics to use. They’ve been hidden in plain sight since October 2011, when Avinash Kaushik first defined them in a post on his Occam’s Razor blog entitled, “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value.” The definitions have evolved over the years, but here’s what each one measures and how it’s calculated:

  256. […]
    So, if these are vanity metrics, then which ones should you be using? Well, back in October 2011, Avinash Kaushik wrote a post in his Occam’s Razor blog entitled, “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value.” Here’s how you calculate each of these metrics and what they mean in plain English:

  257. […]
    Er is veel meetbaar op het gebied van social media. Avinash Kaushik ontwikkelde hiervoor in 2007 vier formules. Op deze pagina vindt u een beknopte uitleg. Wilt u de uitgebreide uitleg in het Engels doornemen, klik dan hier.

  258. […]
    Amplification Rate is the ratio of shares per post to the number of overall followers. Coined by Avinash Kaushik, author and digital marketing evangelist at Google, amplification is “the rate at which your followers take your content and share it through their networks.”

  259. […]
    This metric was popularized by Avinash Kaushik, the former Digital Marketing Evangelist at Google. You are trying to measure the total strength of your network. Assuming you have ten followers and each follower has ten further followers, you have a total reach of 100 people. You can measure amplification by measuring the sharing rate of your posts. We will later see how the different terminology gives better insights.

  260. […]
    They’ve been hidden in plain sight since October 2011, when Avinash Kaushik first defined them in a post on his Occam’s Razor blog entitled, “Best Social Media Metrics: Conversation, Amplification, Applause, Economic Value.”

  261. […]
    Social Media Amplification: Amplification is a concept deeply inherent in social media. In essence, your reach is the number of followers your followers have. This is where auto dealership social media marketing can start exponentially changing your results. If you are using Inrelay for smart employee advocacy, you will witness greater amplification of your marketing content.

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